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    ABSTRACT: The authors review ten essential amino acids with regard to their metabolic, physiologic and therapeutic effects throughout the human body. Physical properties of these biologically active compounds are discussed as a foundation for their diverse roles in special nitrogen containing products, neurotransmitters, and as alternative energy sources. Both normal and abnormal amino acid metabolism are considered in the areas of digestion, elimination of metabolic products, metabolic intermediates, and defects in these systems. Recent developments in therapeutic applications are further examined for clinical utility and as an economical alternative to traditional clinical treatment modalities.
    Amino Acids 02/1998; 14(4):271-300. · 3.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inorganic arsenic (As), 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), vinyl chloride (VC) and trichloroethylene (TCE) are frequently identified as groundwater contaminants near hazardous waste disposal sites. While the carcinogenicity of each of these chemicals has been extensively studied individually, little information exists regarding their carcinogenic potential in combination. Therefore, we investigated the carcinogenic promoting potential of chemical mixtures containing arsenic, DCE, VC and TCE following multiple initiator administration in a multiple organ carcinogenicity bioassay (N. Ito, T. Shirai, S. Fukushima, Medium-term bioassay for carcinogens using multiorgan models, in: N. Ito, H. Sugano (Eds.), Modification of Tumor Development in Rodents, Prog. Exp. Tumor Res., 33, 41-57, Basel, Karger, 1991). Our results reveal a dose-responsive antagonistic effect of this four-chemical mixture on the development of preneoplastic hepatic lesions (altered hepatocellular foci and glutathione S-transferase pi positive foci) as well as bronchioalveolar hyperplasia and adenoma formation.
    Cancer Letters 12/1998; 133(2):185-90. · 4.26 Impact Factor