Intravascular stenting of acute experimental type B dissections.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the efficacy of intravascular stenting for acute aortic dissection, 12 dogs underwent surgical creation of an acute type B dissection. Intravascular ultrasound evaluated luminal diameter, distal propagation, and branch involvement. Three animals underwent no further treatment (control). In 9 dogs, balloon-expandable intravascular stents (15-20 mm) were placed proximally to compress the intimal flap. One dog with a small dissection had complete obliteration of the false lumen after initial stent placement. Six dogs with extension below the diaphragm were initially stented proximally to restore flow; 3 were left with a residual distal false lumen, while 3 had additional stents placed to obliterate their entire false lumen. In the final 2 dogs, proximal stenting resulted only in partial compression of the false lumen. Two animals died within 24 hr due to prolonged hemodynamic instability and aortic rupture at the intimal flap, respectively. Six weeks later, radiologic and histologic evaluation was performed on the 10 surviving animals. All stented true lumens were patent without thrombus formation, and stents were covered by neointima. In dogs with stenting of the entire dissection, the aortic wall had healed and no false lumen was present. However, in all dogs with only proximal obliteration, 1/2 with partial compression, and 2/3 controls, a patent false channel was present indicative of a chronic dissection. Thus, we found that intravascular stents can restore true lumen flow and obliterate the false lumen in experimental dissections; however, stenting limited to the proximal dissection does not prevent formation of a chronic residual patent false lumen.
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ABSTRACT: Acute aortic dissection is a fatal disease if early diagnosis and institution of appropriate therapy are delayed. Unfortunately, the presentation of a dissection can be diabolical, leading to an initial misdiagnosis in more than 25% of patients. For type A dissections, surgical repair is essential because mortality rates approach 50% at 48 hours with expectant therapy alone. For type B dissections, medical management is successful in most patients, although a subset with complications or early dilation may benefit from newer endovascular techniques. The goal of this review is to summarize the diagnostic algorithm, initial therapeutic options, and long-term management regimen that offer patients with an acute aortic dissection the best chance for short-term and long-term survival. There is an emphasis on the specific practical approach that is applied at Washington University to patients who present with an aortic dissection.Surgical Clinics of North America 08/2009; 89(4):869-93, ix. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to describe the Stent-Assisted Balloon-Induced Intimal Disruption and Relamination in Aortic Dissection Repair technique for aortic dissection repair using proximal descending aortic endografting with distal aortic relamination through bare-metal stent and balloon-induced intimal disruption with immediate intimal reapposition. METHODS: Between April 2007 and September 2011, 11 selected patients (10 male; median age, 50 years) underwent proximal descending aortic endografting plus stent-assisted balloon-induced intimal disruption of the thoracoabdominal aorta to treat complicated aortic dissection (7 type A, 4 acute type B). Patients with type A dissection underwent open surgical intervention plus adjunctive retrograde endovascular repair. Serial computed tomography angiography was used to assess aortic remodeling. RESULTS: There were no intraprocedural complications. Thirty-day incidence of death, stroke, and paralysis/visceral ischemia was 9% (n = 1), 0%, and 0%, respectively. Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 4-54 months). Two patients (18%) required secondary endovascular reintervention. No late adverse events or aortic-related deaths occurred. Complete false lumen obliteration occurred in 90% (n = 10) of patients, with stable maximal diameters in the thoracic (P = .6) and abdominal aortas (celiac trunk: P = .34; renal; P = .6; infrarenal: P = .7) at latest follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The Stent-Assisted Balloon-Induced Intimal Disruption and Relamination in Aortic Dissection Repair approach is a feasible endovascular technique that shows promise to achieve complete repair of the dissected aorta by inducing complete false lumen obliteration. The restoration of uniluminal flow in the thoracoabdominal aorta has the potential to improve long-term outcomes. Prospective, multicenter investigations are required to implement this strategy more broadly.The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 04/2013; · 3.41 Impact Factor
- Gefasschirurgie. 01/2005; 10(4):293-313.