The arthropathy of Sjögren's syndrome.

Department of Rheumatology, Charing Cross Hospital, London.
British journal of rheumatology 08/1993; 32(7):609-13. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/32.7.609
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The clinical course of 48 patients with primary SS has been reviewed with particular reference to the articular manifestations. The incidence of arthritis and/or arthralgia was 54%. In a third of these patients it was a presenting feature and preceded sicca symptoms. The arthropathy tended to be polyarticular, the most frequent joint involved being the knee. It was symmetrical in 55% of cases. Joint symptoms or signs were intermittent, lasting less than a month in 55% of cases. The acute onset of purpuric vasculitis was associated with an acute arthritis in four out of the nine patients with such a vasculitis. Joint deformity was unusual, ulnar deviation occurring in only six patients. Hand X-rays obtained from primary SS patients revealed evidence of joint erosions in 33% of PIP joints, 27% of MCP joints and 12% of wrist joints.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease, characterized by chronic inflammation of exocrine glands that results in development of xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis sicca. The disease activity of SS is not restricted to exocrine glands, and many other organs and organ systems can be involved. Diagnosis of SS in the elderly population can be challenging because xerostomia, dry eyes, symptoms of fatigue, weight loss and muscle pain are also common features of old age. Delay between clinical onset and diagnosis of SS in the elderly may be due to the shared features of SS and old age. The 2002 revised American-European Consensus Group (AECG) classification criteria for SS are the preferred tool used to confirm diagnosis of SS, but recently alternative criteria have been put forward by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). The AECG criteria set combines subjective symptoms of dry eyes and dry mouth with objective signs of keratoconjunctivitis sicca, salivary gland dysfunction and histopathological (salivary gland biopsy) and serological (autoantibodies against SSA/Ro and SSB/La antigens) features. Treatment of SS in the elderly does not differ from that in younger patients. The aims of the treatment of SS are to control glandular and extraglandular manifestations, to prevent damage to organ systems and loss of function, and to decrease morbidity and mortality. Treatment of the elderly can be complicated by co-morbidities, an increased rate of adverse events related to therapeutic agents, and polypharmacy. Therefore, careful follow-up of the treatment is required.
    Drugs & Aging 01/2013; · 2.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recombinant supercharged polypeptides (SUPs) with low cytotoxicity are developed and applied to rejuvenate the lubrication of naturally occurring salivary conditioning films (SCFs). SUPs with 72 positive charges adsorbed and rigidified the SCFs and recruited mucins to form a hydrated layer. These SCFs with SUPs have higher mechanical strength and sustain lubricating effect for longer duration compared with only SCFs.
    Advanced Materials 05/2013; · 14.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Elevated levels of liver enzymes in patients with rheumatic symptoms require a comprehensive differential diagnostic thought process. On the one hand there can be hepatic involvement of primarily rheumatological diseases but this is quite rare. Drug-induced liver injury by antirheumatic medication is more frequent. On the other hand arthralgia can be a sign of primary hepatopathy whereby hemochromatosis and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) are typical examples. Furthermore, some liver diseases are associated with rheumatological diseases, such as primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and chronic hepatitis C infection (HCV). Only an exact diagnosis will lead to specific treatment which will improve the symptoms and course of disease.
    Der Internist 03/2013; · 0.33 Impact Factor