The arthropathy of Sjögren's syndrome.
ABSTRACT The clinical course of 48 patients with primary SS has been reviewed with particular reference to the articular manifestations. The incidence of arthritis and/or arthralgia was 54%. In a third of these patients it was a presenting feature and preceded sicca symptoms. The arthropathy tended to be polyarticular, the most frequent joint involved being the knee. It was symmetrical in 55% of cases. Joint symptoms or signs were intermittent, lasting less than a month in 55% of cases. The acute onset of purpuric vasculitis was associated with an acute arthritis in four out of the nine patients with such a vasculitis. Joint deformity was unusual, ulnar deviation occurring in only six patients. Hand X-rays obtained from primary SS patients revealed evidence of joint erosions in 33% of PIP joints, 27% of MCP joints and 12% of wrist joints.
- SourceAvailable from: Roberta Priori[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate, by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS), articular involvement in primary SS (pSS) patients by analysing hand and wrist changes, and to correlate them with clinical evaluation and laboratory tests. Thirty-two pSS patients underwent clinical and laboratory examinations, including the SS Disease Damage Index (SSDDI) and the SS Disease Activity Index (SSDAI). MSUS was performed in all patients in both hands and wrists, evaluating the presence of inflammation within joints and periarticular tissues, and the existence of permanent joint damage. For synovial hypertrophy, joint effusion and Doppler signal findings, a semi-quantitative score (0-3) was used indicating the degree of involvement (0 = normal; 1 = mild change; 2 = moderate change; and 3 = severe change). For tenosynovitis and bone erosions, a dichotomous score (0 = absent and 1 = present) was applied. Sonographic signs of synovitis of the radio-ulno-carpal joint were found in 17 (26.5%) out of 64 wrists. Wrist synovitis was found in 12 (37.5%) out of 32 patients. Ultrasonographic examination of the hand did not show significant changes. A statistically significant correlation was found between SSDDI score and the degree of sonographic signs of synovial proliferation in the wrist (P = 0.04). The correlation between the incidence of clinical involvement and the presence of pathological ultrasonographic findings was not significant. Patients with synovitis had a higher median age and higher median SSDDI (P = 0.004). In pSS patients, MSUS may be considered a useful tool for detecting synovitis since articular involvement can often be silent but correlated with SSDDI.Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 03/2010; 49(6):1153-7. · 4.24 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report 6 patients with an established diagnosis of primary Sjögren syndrome who developed severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) requiring oral disease-modifying antirheumatic drug with or without biologic therapy. Rheumatoid arthritis was diagnosed between 14 months and 17 years following initial sicca symptoms. Five patients were female. Two thirds were seropositive for Sjögren antibody, and 5 of 6 were either rheumatoid factor or anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide positive at the time of RA diagnosis. All had either hand or wrist involvement; one third had nodules. Although none demonstrated erosion on x-ray, all required methotrexate or leflunomide, and 4 required a biologic agent for the treatment of their arthritis. Primary Sjögren patients may develop RA after a long course of stable Sjögren.Journal of clinical rheumatology: practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases 09/2012; 18(7):356-8. · 1.19 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Water forms the basis of lubrication in the human body, but is unable to provide sufficient lubrication without additives. The importance of biolubrication becomes evident upon aging and disease, particularly under conditions that affect secretion or composition of body fluids. Insufficient biolubrication, may impede proper speech, mastication and swallowing, underlie excessive friction and wear of articulating cartilage surfaces in hips and knees, cause vaginal dryness, and result in dry, irritated eyes. Currently, our understanding of biolubrication is insufficient to design effective therapeutics to restore biolubrication. Aim of this study was to establish the role of structure and glycosylation of adsorbed protein films in biolubrication, taking the oral cavity as a model and making use of its dynamics with daily perturbations due to different glandular secretions, speech, drinking and eating, and tooth brushing. Using different surface analytical techniques (a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring, colloidal probe atomic force microscopy, contact angle measurements and X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy), we demonstrated that adsorbed salivary conditioning films in vitro are more lubricious when their hydrophilicity and degree of glycosylation increase, meanwhile decreasing their structural softness. High-molecular-weight, glycosylated proteins adsorbing in loops and trains, are described as necessary scaffolds impeding removal of water during loading of articulating surfaces. Comparing in vitro and in vivo water contact angles measured intra-orally, these findings were extrapolated to the in vivo situation. Accordingly, lubricating properties of teeth, as perceived in 20 volunteers comprising of equal numbers of male and female subjects, could be related with structural softness and glycosylation of adsorbed protein films on tooth surfaces. Summarizing, biolubrication is due to a combination of structure and glycosylation of adsorbed protein films, providing an important clue to design effective therapeutics to restore biolubrication in patients with insufficient biolubrication.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(8):e42600. · 3.73 Impact Factor