Imaging of otosclerosis.

University of Illinois, Chicago.
Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.46). 07/1993; 26(3):359-71.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Imaging studies play an important role in the diagnosis of otosclerosis and in the clinical management of this disease. CT scanning at present is the tool of choice for the assessment of the labyrinthine windows and cochlear capsules. MR imaging thus far has had limited applications in the examination of the cochlear capsules but has been more useful in the assessment of the cochlear lumen prior to cochlear implant in patients with profound bilateral hearing loss.

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between extent of otosclerotic foci and audiological findings in otosclerotic patients with mixed hearing loss using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and also to measure the density of bony labyrinth in otosclerotic patients and compared with control group. This was a retrospective study. Twenty-five patients with clinical otosclerosis and mixed hearing loss were included in the study. The average threshold of air-bone conductions (AC, BC) within the 0.5-4 kHz frequency range, and average air bone gap (ABG) were calculated. Eleven patients with normal HRCT who received cochlear implant were included in the study as the control group. The lesions in HRCT were staged according to their extension. Eight different points of the otic capsule in each patient were measured using HRCT. Fifty ears total, from 25 patients, had bilateral otosclerosis. The mean AC of all the ears was 63 dB, mean BC was 35.2 dB, and mean ABG was 27.8 dB. HRCT staging indicated 22 ears had Grade 1, 21 ears had Grade 2, and 7 ears had Grade 3 lesions. There was a statistically significant difference between the mean AC, BC of ears with Grade 1 and Grade 2 when compared with the mean AC, BC of ears with Grade 3. When comparing the densitometric measurements of fissula ante fenestram localizations, a statistically significant difference was observed. HRCT examination and densitometric measurements in otosclerotic patients with mixed hearing loss presented significant results. We were unable to show a significant relationship between early stage and hearing thresholds, but there was a significant relationship in advanced stage. Densitometric measurements may provide significant results for otosclerosis, particularly for the FAF region when comparing with control group.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 10/2013; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Otosclerosis is an otodystrophy of the otic capsule and is a cause of conductive, mixed or sensorineural hearing loss in the 2nd to 4th decades of life. Otosclerosis is categorised into two types, fenestral and retrofenestral. Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of otosclerosis. High-resolution CT (HRCT) of the temporal bone using 1-mm (or less) thick sections is the modality of choice for assessment of the labyrinthine windows and cochlear capsules. MRI has limited application in the evaluation of the labyrinthine capsules but is useful for assessment of the cochlear lumen prior to cochlear implantation in patients with profound hearing loss. The treatment of fenestral otosclerosis is primarily surgical with stapedectomy and prosthesis insertion. Patients with retrofenestral otosclerosis and profound hearing loss are treated medically using fluorides, but may derive significant benefit from cochlear implantation. This pictorial review aims to acquaint the reader with the pathology and clinical features of otosclerosis, the classical imaging appearances on CT and MRI, a radiological checklist for preoperative CT evaluation of otosclerosis, imaging mimics and a few examples of post-stapedectomy imaging and complications. Teaching points • Otosclerosis causes conductive, sensorineural and mixed hearing loss in adults.• HRCT of the temporal bone is the diagnostic imaging modality of choice.• Stapedectomy is used to treat fenestral otosclerosis.• Fluorides and cochlear implantation are used to treat retrofenestral otosclerosis.
    Insights into imaging. 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: OBJETIVO: Identificar os principais achados tomográficos da otosclerose retrofenestral. MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo multicêntrico com tomografia computadorizada (TC) de ossos temporais em 54 pacientes com diagnóstico clínico e cirúrgico de otosclerose. Foi realizada uma análise tomográfica, em que foi avaliada a utilidade da TC no diagnóstico radiológico da otosclerose retrofenestral, sendo verificados os principais sítios de lesões dessa doença. Foram incluídos neste estudo 22 pacientes submetidos à TC de ossos temporais para investigação de outras afecções otológicas, que constituíram o grupo controle. RESULTADOS: Os achados tomográficos foram bilaterais na maioria dos casos e o foco retrofenestral mais prevalente foi o foco pericoclear. CONCLUSÕES: A TC monstrou-se útil na identificação dos focos retrofenestrais. A evidência tomográfica desses focos juntamente com o envolvimento endosteal da cóclea podem sugerir uma maior atividade da doença.
    Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia 01/2004; 70(1):74-82.