Effect of linoleic acid hydroperoxide on production of matrix metalloproteinases by human aortic endothelial and smooth muscle cells.
ABSTRACT The effect of linoleic acid hydroperoxide on the production of proforms of matrix metalloproteinase-1, -2, and -3 (proMMP-1, -2, and -3) in cultured human arterial endothelial and smooth muscle cells was investigated. Upon cultivation of the endothelial cells in the absence of the hydroperoxide, only proMMP-1 was detected, and its amount was increased by cultivation with the hydroperoxide. In the cultures of the intimal smooth muscle cells in the absence of the hydroperoxide, a large amount of proMMP-2 and small amounts of proMMP-1 and -3 were detected, and the hydroperoxide treatment increased remarkably the amounts of proMMP-1 and -3, but rather decreased the amount of proMMP-2. In the cultures of the medial smooth muscle cells, the same tendency was observed. However, the amounts of these proenzymes found in the intimal smooth muscle cells exceeded those found in the medial smooth muscle cells, both in the absence and in the presence of the hydroperoxide. Possible involvement of these phenomena in atherogenesis was discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Metalloproteinases produced by connective tissue cells may play a key part in the destruction of joints in rheumatoid arthritis. Matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3; stromelysin) capable of degrading cartilage proteoglycans and type IX collagen and of activating procollagenase was immunolocalised in hyperplastic synovial lining cells in rheumatoid synovium, but not in the cells of normal synovium. Cells responsible for synthesis of MMP-3 have the phenotype of synovioblasts (B cells) by immunoelectron microscopy, but not of phagocytic synovial macrophages (A cells). Cultured monolayer of rheumatoid synovial cells synthesises MMP-3 only under treatment with macrophage conditioned medium. Immunolocalisation of MMP-3 in rheumatoid synovium and cultured synovial cells was possible when the specimens were treated with a monovalent ionophore, monensin. These results suggest that MMP-3 is synthesised and secreted continuously without storage from hyperplastic synovioblasts stimulated by factor(s) derived from activated macrophages present in the synovium.Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 09/1989; 48(8):645-53. · 9.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: When linoleic acid hydroperoxide was reacted with ferrous iron, the electron spin resonance signals characteristic of the spin adduct of 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide and the hydroxyl radical were detected. Although the signals were not detected with the hydroperoxide and ferric iron, they were actually found if epinephrine was added, indicating that the hydroxyl radical could be generated from the hydroperoxide upon reduction of the latter with ferrous iron formed by epinephrine. The possible generation of the hydroxyl radical from lipid peroxides in vivo was discussed from the viewpoint of pathogenesis of lipid peroxide-related diseases.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 04/1992; 183(3):945-51. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The production of the precursor of tissue collagenase/matrix metalloproteinase 1 (proMMP-1) by cultured human aortic medial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) was significantly enhanced by the treatment of the cells with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), interleukin 1 or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The response to PDGF of SMCs exhibited a tendency to be age-dependent: only SMCs obtained from older individuals (age: 54, 56, 72 and 74 years) responded to PDGF and synthesized proMMP-1, but not SMCs from young individuals (age: 10, 16 and 41 years), and weak responsiveness with a 19-year-old individual. On the other hand, induction of proMMP-1 synthesis in SMCs by TPA was not discriminated by age. The synthesis of two other related matrix metalloproteinases was also examined. Matrix metalloproteinase 2 was found to be constitutively expressed in zymogen form in SMCs and its synthesis was not affected by the treatments with PDGF, interleukin 1 or TPA. The synthesis of matrix metalloproteinase 3 (stromelysin) was not detected in SMCs from both young and old individuals even after the treatment with PDGF, interleukin-1, prostaglandin E2 or TPA. The ability of SMCs to synthesize and secrete proMMP-1 in response to PDGF suggests that this enzyme plays an important role in the migration of PDGF-stimulated SMCs from the media into the intima of aorta and the eventual formation of atherosclerotic plaques.Atherosclerosis 01/1992; 91(3):207-16. · 3.71 Impact Factor