Change in transport activities of vacuoles of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica during its growth on glucose.
ABSTRACT Vacuoles were isolated from Yarrowia lipolytica yeast cells taken at various growth phases under carbon or nitrogen limitation. Vacuoles from the cells at the logarithmic growth phase showed a high activity of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (0.9-1.1 U/mg protein) and efficiently generated chemical proton gradient and membrane potential across the tonoplast. Ca(2+)- and citrate transport were found to be maximal at this growth phase. At growth retardation and then in the stationary phase all the parameters studied decreased irrespective of the method of growth limitation. The citrate-transporting activity of vacuoles completely disappeared at growth retardation, also irrespective of the limitation method and irrespective of whether yeast cells overproduced citrate in the culture medium. The citrate-transporting system of Y. lipolytica vacuolar membrane is concluded not to be involved in citrate efflux and this efflux is probably performed by the plasmalemma transport system.
- SourceAvailable from: sciencedirect.comFEBS Letters 09/1982; 145(1):160-2. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vacuoles of yeast grown in peptone medium possessed high ATPase activity (up to 1 mumol X mg protein-1 X min-1). Membrane-bound and solubilized ATPase activities were insensitive to vanadate and azide, but were inhibited by NO-3 . K+ and cyclic AMP stimulated both membrane-bound and solubilized ATPase activities. Dio-9 activated the membrane form of vacuolar ATPase 1.5-2-fold and did not affect the solubilized enzyme. Solubilized and partially purified vacuolar ATPase was reconstituted with soy-bean phospholipids by a freeze-thaw procedure. ATPase activities in native vacuoles and proteoliposomes were stimulated effectively by Dio-9, the protonophore FCCP and ionophores valinomycin and nigericin. ATP-dependent H+ transport into proteoliposomes was also shown by quenching of ACMA fluorescence. Vacuolar and partially purified ATPase preparations possessed also GTPase activity. Unlike ATPase, however, GTPase was not incorporated as a proton pump into liposomes.FEBS Letters 10/1984; 174(2):233-7. · 3.58 Impact Factor