Epstein-Barr virus-associated T-cell lymphoma in a renal transplant patient.
ABSTRACT Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders in organ allograft recipients are most commonly of B cell origin, whereas T cell lymphomas are rarely described. We report a case of T cell immunoblastic large cell lymphoma associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that occurred in a recipient of a cadaveric renal transplant 7 years posttransplantation. On paraffin immunophenotyping, none of the neoplastic cells stained with the T cell-associated markers used, but did show strong CD30 expression. Flow cytometric studies revealed a predominance of T cells without definite evidence of T cell neoplasia. Frozen section immunophenotyping studies revealed a T cell phenotype with aberrant expression, and genotypic studies demonstrated T cell receptor beta gene rearrangement with germline configuration of immunoglobulin heavy chain and kappa light chain genes, confirming a T lineage. EBV-encoded RNA transcripts were demonstrated within the neoplastic cells by in situ hybridization. Southern blot analysis using probes derived from the terminal repeat region of the virus detected a single restriction band indicating a clonal population. We believe this is the first case of a posttransplant T cell lymphoma in which the EBV genome has been demonstrated. This case also illustrates the pitfalls of paraffin immunophenotyping in the diagnosis of T cell lymphoma.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative diseases (PTLD) are mainly Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated disorders of B-cell origin. Due to the rarity of monomorphic T-cell PTLD (T-PTLD), knowledge about pathogenesis, risk factors, therapy, and prognosis relies predominantly on case reports and small series. Therefore, we aimed to provide an overview and a retrospective analysis of this rare PTLD subtype. METHODS: We analyzed all available articles on T-PTLD in the PubMed database as well as in our own databases (Institute of Pathology/Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology, Hannover Medical School) from 1988 to 2010. Reevaluated parameters were gender, age, transplanted organ, immunosuppressant regimen, time between transplantation and T-PTLD manifestation, T-PTLD subtype, virus positivity, localization, therapy, and follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 163 cases were evaluated. We found that hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was associated with early-onset T-PTLD, whereas late onset occurred after immunosuppression with steroids and azathioprine without administration of calcineurin inhibitors. The major independent favorable prognostic factors were T-PTLD of the large granular lymphocytic leukemia subtype, young age, and a combination of radiotherapy/radiochemotherapy and reduced immunosuppression, whereas the hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma subtype and cases with involvement of bone marrow, the central nervous system, or graft had an adverse prognosis. CONCLUSION: T-PTLD is a heterogeneous group of different aberrant T-cell proliferations and represents a significant complication following transplantation, showing a uniformly poor prognosis.Transplantation 01/2013; · 3.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract T-cell or natural killer (NK)-cell posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (T-PTLD) is a rare but severe complication after transplantation. Here we present the clinicopathological features of a single center series of 9 cases. Additionally, we summarize the clinicopathological findings of 147 T/NK-cell PTLDs reported in the literature in an attempt to define subtype-specific characteristics. T/NK-cell PTLD occurs in patients of all ages, usually extranodally, and most frequently after kidney transplantation. Organ specific incidence however is highest following heart transplantation. Approximately one third of T-cell PTLDs are Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related, with peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL, NOS) being the most prevalent EBV-associated T-cell PTLD. A male predominance was observed, which is most striking in the EBV (+) group, particularly in PTCL, NOS. With a median posttransplantation interval of 72 months T-cell PTLDs are among the late occurring PTLDs. Of the most common T-cell PTLDs, anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) has the best prognosis, whereas PTCL, NOS and hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL) have the worst prognosis. EBV (+) cases seem to have a longer survival than EBV (-) cases, suggesting a different pathogenetic mechanism.Leukemia & lymphoma 02/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background. Although 14% of the malignant lymphomas after organ transplantation are reported to be T-cell lymphomas, only a few cases are described in the literature.Methods. The authors presented three new cases. They summarized the clinical data and analyzed histologic and immunochemical findings. The presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human T-cell lymphoma type 1 (HTLV-1) were investigated. T-cell receptor (TCR) rearrangement was analyzed by Southern blot technique in two cases.Results. Two of the three lymphomas developed after renal transplantation. One was a T-cell lymphoma of pleomorphic medium-sized cell type and the other was a T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma; the third T-cell lymphoma was an anaplastic large cell (Ki-1 positive) type that developed after heart transplantation. No association was established with EBV or HTLV-1. A monoclonal TCR rearrangement was found in the two cases that were analyzed. A literature search revealed 22 other cases. Nineteen of the 22 reported cases were peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Almost all lymphomas presented in extranodal sites. The time between diagnosis and organ transplantation seemed to be influenced by the type of immunosuppressive therapy. In five cases, EBV was detected in the tumor cells. A monoclonal T-cell receptor rearrangement was found in eight cases and a polyclonal proliferation in one case. Response to therapy was variable, but often poor.Conclusions. The etiology of posttransplant T-cell lymphomas remains unclear. Similarities with post-transplant B-cell proliferations are the predominant extranodal presentation and the finding that the time of occurrence is influenced by the type of immunosuppression. In contrast with posttransplant B-cell proliferations, only a minority of the cases are associated with EBV. Most tumors appear to be monoclonal. Prognosis is generally poor, but tumor presentation with localized disease might have a somewhat better prognosis. Cancer 1994; 73:3064–72.Cancer 06/2006; 73(12):3064 - 3072. · 5.20 Impact Factor