Dental caries experience and enamel opacities in children residing in urban and rural areas of Antigua with different levels of natural fluoride in drinking water.
ABSTRACT In 1988/89, a national study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of caries experience among children aged 5 to 6, 12, and 15 to 19 years and also to measure the level of dental fluorosis among 12 to 14 year-old pupils attending schools in urban and rural areas in Antigua with various levels of natural fluoride in public water. In the first part of the study, all three age groups who were life-long residents of three areas with 0.1-0.2 ppmF (urban), 0.1-0.3 ppmF (rural) and 0.6-1.0 ppmF (rural) showed that the caries levels for each age group were not significantly different among the three fluoride communities or between urban and rural samples. In all three age groups, occlusal surfaces were more frequently affected by caries, and untreated dental caries was common. In part two of the survey, the Tooth Surface Index of Fluorosis (TSIF) was used to record fluorotic enamel defects among children aged 12 to 14 years who were life-long residents of 0.1-0.3 ppm fluoride and 0.6-1.0 ppm fluoride areas. In the low fluoride areas, mottling was absent in 97 per cent of facial surfaces of anterior maxillary teeth. In contrast, in the 0.6-1.0 ppm fluoride area, the value was 87 per cent. In both communities mottling was limited to a whitish colour. Analysis of the highest TSIF scores revealed that statistically significant differences were apparent in children with fluorosis between two communities.
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ABSTRACT: To determine trends in dental caries prevalence and severity in Latin America and Caribbean. A systematic review was done of studies published between 1970 and 2000 among 5-6- and 11-13-year-old children that used WHO caries diagnostic criteria. Over the last 30 years, there has been a significant decrease in caries severity for children 5-6 years old and also a significant decrease in caries prevalence and severity for children 11-13 years old. The same broad trends were observed when caries prevalence and severity was analyzed for the last 20 and 10 years but these were not statistically significant. Evidence of a decrease in dental caries in Latin American and Caribbean children has been shown, although the decrease was less prominent in the past few years.Community Dentistry And Oral Epidemiology 05/2003; 31(2):152-7. · 1.80 Impact Factor