Article

Flow cytometric and image analyses of colorectal adenocarcinomas. A comparative study with clinical correlations.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Lahey Clinic Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts 01805.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology (Impact Factor: 3.01). 03/1993; 99(2):187-94.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Quantitative DNA measurements were performed in 183 colorectal carcinomas by image and flow cytometric analyses of paraffin-embedded tissue. Flow cytometric analysis yielded more diploid tumors compared with image analysis, which identified more tetraploid tumors. Histogram patterns were concordant in 115 tumors (66%); the discordant cases were primarily tumors interpreted as diploid by flow cytometric analysis but were aneuploid or tetraploid by image analysis. Linear regression analysis of DNA indices of concordant samples showed good correlation but only moderate correlation for the entire group. Both techniques revealed more aneuploid tumors in the distal colon and rectum than in the proximal colon. Diploid tumors were associated with a better prognosis; however, tetraploid tumors behaved like aneuploid tumors by flow cytometric analysis but like diploid tumors by image analysis. When stratified by stage, the prognostic value of diploid tumors was seen in stages A and B disease by image analysis only and in stage C disease by flow cytometric analysis only, possibly because of the small cohort size. The S-phase fraction (mean value, 16.8% +/- 9.9%) was higher in aneuploid than in diploid tumors, but no relationship to prognosis was seen. Flow cytometric and image analyses are useful to study ploidy of colorectal carcinoma from archival material. However, important discordant observations reflecting differences in characteristics of the two techniques should be considered, depending on which technique is used.

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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives Parameters that allow prediction of the disease course in colorectal cancer would aid the development of improved treatment strategies. For this reason, we evaluated the prognostic value of flow cytometric DNA ploidy and S-phase fraction (SPF) and P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression in this type of tumor.Methods The prognostic significance of DNA ploidy, SPF, and Pgp expression on paraffin-embedded sections from 107 patients with colorectal carcinoma was determined. The mean follow-up was 36.6 months (range = 3–72 months). DNA ploidy and SPF were evaluated by flow cytometry and Pgp by immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibody C219. The Cox regression model was used to adjust for several clinical and pathologic covariates.ResultsOf the 107 carcinomas examined, 44 (41.1%) were classified as DNA diploid and 63 (58.9%) as DNA aneuploid. DNA ploidy pattern was significantly related to tumor site (P = 0.010), tumor stage (P = 0.016), and vascular invasion (P = 0.015) but not to other clinicopathologic variables. Patients with DNA diploid tumors showed a better survival rate than did those with aneuploid tumors. After stage IV disease was excluded, patients with diploid tumors also presented a better disease-free and overall survival than did patients with aneuploid tumors. Mean SPF of the whole series was 13.5% (median = 11.3%, range = 1.4%–29.9%). Aneuploid tumors had a higher median SPF than did diploid tumors (17 vs. 6.2; P = 0.0001). SPF was only related significantly with tumor location (P = 0.026). In the multivariate analysis, SPF was a significant independent prognostic factor for overall survival (P = 0.01). When stage IV was excluded, SPF was also an independent prognostic variable for both disease-free (P = 0.02) and overall (P = 0.01) survival. Of 107 tumors, 61 (57%) were positive for Pgp expression, but no relation was found between this and other clinicopathologic parameters. Pgp expression had no influence on survival.Conclusions Our results suggest that flow cytometric DNA ploidy and SPF are significant and independent prognostic factors in patients with colorectal carcinoma, whereas Pgp expression is not. J. Surg. Oncol. 1999;72:167–174. © 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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