Identification of a novel member of mouse hsp70 family. Its association with cellular mortal phenotype.

Aging Process Research Laboratory, Tsukuba Life Science Center, Ibaraki, Japan.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 04/1993; 268(9):6615-21.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A novel 66-kDa protein, named p66mot-1, is identified to be associated with cellular mortality by virtue of its presence in cytosolic fractions of serially passaged mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) and the mortal hybrids obtained by the fusion of mortal (MEF) and immortal (MN48-1, derivative of NIH 3T3) cells. Immortal cells lack this protein in their cytosolic fractions. cDNA cloning and homology search placed it in the heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) family. Microinjection of anti-p66 antibody to senescent MEF could transiently stimulate their cell division, which supports the cellular mortality-related function of p66mot-1.

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    ABSTRACT: Mortalin binds to p53 tumor suppressor protein and sequesters it in the cytoplasm. This results in an inhibition of the transcriptional activation and control of centrosome duplication functions of p53, thus contributing to human carcinogenesis. Abrogation of mortalin-p53 interaction and reactivation of p53 function could be a valid proposition for cancer therapy. In the present study, we first investigated in silico the interaction of withanone, a withanolide with anticancer activity, with mortalin. We found that withanone could bind to mortalin in a region, earlier predicted critical for binding to p53. Cationic rhodacyanine dye, MKT-077 has also shown to bind the same region and kill cancer cells selectively. We report the molecular dynamic simulations revealing the thermodynamic and structural stability of the withanone-mortalin complexes. We also demonstrate the experimental evidence of abrogation of mortalin-p53 complex by withanone resulting in nuclear translocation and functional reactivation of p53 in human cancer cells. The present study establishes a molecular interaction basis that could be used for screening and development of anticancer drugs with low toxicity to normal cells. Accurate knowledge of the 3D structure of mortalin would further enhance the potential of such analyses to understand the molecular basis of mortalin biology and mortalin based cancer therapy.
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