Preparation and transfusion of canine platelet concentrates.
ABSTRACT A protocol was developed for preparation of platelet concentrates (PC) to support thrombocytopenic dogs. Four clinically normal dogs with platelet counts that ranged from 200 to 330 x 10(9) platelets/L were used as donors. One unit (450 ml) of blood was collected by venipuncture into a double blood bag. Whole blood (WB) was centrifuged for 4 minutes at 1,000 x g (braking time = 2 minutes, 30 seconds) to prepare platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The PRP was expressed into the satellite bag and was centrifuged for 10 minutes at 2,000 x g (braking time = 2 minutes, 36 seconds). The platelet-poor plasma was expressed, leaving 40 to 70 ml of plasma and the pelleted platelets in the satellite bag. The resulting PC was left undisturbed for 60 minutes to promote disaggregation, and the platelets were then resuspended by gentle manual agitation. Forty-eight PC were prepared. Mean (+/- SD) platelet yield from WB to PRP was 78 (+/- 13)% (range, 35 to 97%); yield from PRP to PC was 94 (+/- 6)% (range, 75 to 100%); and overall yield (PC from WB) was 74 (+/- 13)% (range, 36 to 91%). Mean PC platelet count was 8.0 (+/- 3.0) x 10(10) platelets/PC (range, 2.3 to 13.4 x 10(10) platelets/PC). The WBC content was 0.1 to 2.3 x 10(9) platelets/PC, representing 3 to 74% of WBC in the WB. Hematocrit was 0.1 to 26.2%. Results of bacterial and fungal culturing were negative. The PC were irradiated (18 Gy) and transfused to 5 cross-matched dogs undergoing bone marrow transplantation that developed profound thrombocytopenia of up to 8 weeks' duration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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ABSTRACT: This study monitored the storage lesion of 15 units of canine platelet concentrates harvested by differential centrifugation. Canine platelet concentrates were stored at 20-24 degrees C in a platelet rotator for a total of 9 days; the storage lesion of three second generation platelet storage containers was compared. The battery of in vitro tests used to monitor the storage lesion were selected from previous studies performed with human platelet concentrates separated by differential centrifugation. Based on these tests, canine platelet concentrates exhibited a storage lesion similar to human platelet concentrates. Metabolic analytes demonstrated decreasing pH, carbon dioxide, bicarbonate and glucose concentrations concurrent with increasing oxygen and lactate dehydrogenase activity over the 9-day period. Platelet structural changes were monitored by mean platelet volume, which began to increase on Day-5. Platelet function appeared to be compromised, as indicated by aggregation studies using collagen and adenosine diphosphate as agonists. Product sterility was maintained. There was no consensus of data supporting superior performance of one platelet storage container. This study indicates that canine platelet concentrates may be harvested by differential centrifugation of whole blood. In vitro studies utilizing three second-generation platelet storage bags support a previous study and concurs that canine platelet concentrates stored at 20-24 degrees C using continuous agitation are viable for at least 5 days. System requirements: PC, World Wide Web browser and PDF reader. Available electronically via Internet. Title from electronic submission form. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2002. Vita. Abstract. Includes bibliographical references.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this review was to provide the reader with an updated overview of small animal transfusion medicine, and an approach to integrating it into private practice, based on a review of the veterinary and human literature spanning the last 3 decades. Electronic, online databases that were searched included CAB International and Medline; multiple keywords or subject headings were searched that were appropriate to each of the sections reviewed: canine and feline blood groups, blood-typing and crossmatching, donors, blood collection, storage, blood components, blood transfusion, blood component therapy, blood substitutes, and adverse reactions. The safe use of blood component therapy requires knowledge of blood groups and antibody prevalence, and knowledge of the means to minimize the risk of adverse reactions by including the use of proper donors and screening assays that facilitate detection of serological incompatibility. The 2 assays available to the practitioner are crossmatching, which is readily done in-house, and blood typing. Blood typing is available in the form of a commercial testing kit, through use of purchased reagents, or via a request to an external laboratory. The risk of potentially fatal adverse reactions is higher in cats than in dogs. The decision to transfuse and the type of product to administer depend on several factors, such as the type of anemia and the size of the animal. In conclusion, transfusion medicine has become more feasible in small animal practice, with improved access to blood products through either on-site donors, the purchase of blood bank products, external donor programs, or the availability of blood component substitutes.The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue veterinaire canadienne 07/2001; 42(6):447-54. · 0.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The effects of whole blood storage time on platelet aggregation and on post-transfusion platelet survival time were assessed in dogs. Citrate phosphate dextrose adenine-1 (CPDA-1) was used as a blood cell preservative. Storage time dependent decay of platelet aggregability was assessed. Platelet aggregation responses to collagen and ADP were maintained for at least 8 hr at room temperature. During blood storage, immunoglobulin became nonspecifically bound to platelets, suggesting the potential for immune destruction of platelets by the mononuclear phagocyte system after transfusion. To assess this assumption, the survival times of infused platelets, which were stored for 0 to 8 hr in whole blood, were measured. Post-transfusion survival of platelets was not affected by these storage times. These results suggest that canine platelets maintain viability when stored at room temperature for up to 8 hr in CPDA-1 treated whole blood intended for transfusion.Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 09/2003; 65(8):825-9. DOI:10.1292/jvms.65.825 · 0.88 Impact Factor