TFIIF (also termed FC) is a general transcription initiation factor that binds to RNA polymerase II and recruits it to a promoter. TFIIF is a heterodimer composed of 74-kDa (RAP74; gene symbol GTF2F1) and 30-kDa (RAP30; gene symbol GTF2F2) subunits. Here we report the mapping of the human GTF2F1 gene to band 19p13.3. Localization was performed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using the human RAP74 genomic cosmid clone as the probe.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: General transcription factors are required for accurate initiation of transcription by RNA polymerase II. Human cDNAs encoding subunits of these factors have been cloned and sequenced. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we show here that the genes encoding the TATA-box binding protein (TBP), TFIIB, TFIIE alpha, TFIIE beta, RAP30, RAP74 and the 62 kDa subunit, of TFIIH are located at the human chromosomal bands 6q26-27, 1p21-22, 3q21-24, 8p12, 13q14, 19p13.3 and 11p14-15.1, respectively. This dispersed localization of a group of functionally related gene provides insights into the molecular mechanism of human genome evolution and their possible involvement in human diseases.
Human Molecular Genetics 02/1994; 3(1):61-4. DOI:10.1093/hmg/3.1.61 · 6.39 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Analysis of loci GTF2F1 and GTF2B, encoding Rap 74 (a subunit of TFIIF) and TFIIB, respectively, showed that they are present in a single copy in the human genome and are localized at 19p13.3 and 1p22, respectively. By using as probe a cDNA for Rap 30 (the other subunit of TFIIF), we localized the GTF2F2 locus to 13q14; the same probe also detected a cross-hybridizing sequence at 4q31 whose functional importance remains to be elucidated. These data and those previously published by our group demonstrate that genes coding for class II general transcription factors with reported sequence similarity to bacterial sigma proteins are scattered in different regions of the human genome, with no evidence of clustering. This dispersion and the identification of homologs of both TBP and TFIIB in Archaea suggest an early evolutionary origin of the general transcription apparatus of contemporary eukaryotes.
Cytogenetics and cell genetics 02/1995; 69(1-2):75-80. DOI:10.1159/000133942
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