Incisional hernia.

Department of Surgery, Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Surgical Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.93). 07/1993; 73(3):557-70.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Incisional hernias are a relatively common occurrence after abdominal operations, having been reported to occur in 2% to 11% of all patients undergoing such procedures. Although many hernias become manifest early, others may not be noted until many years after the index procedure. Predisposing factors for incisional hernia have been well described, and several of these can be altered by the surgeon, including the technique employed for repair. For many years, the repair of incisional hernia was associated with a high recurrence rate. In more recent years, the introduction of synthetic prosthetic materials has provided the opportunity to perform a tension-free repair, thereby reducing the rate of recurrence.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Wound healing disorders are probably the most common post-transplantation surgical complications. It is thought that wound healing disturbance occurs due to antiproliferative effects of immunosuppressive drugs. On the other hand, success of transplantation is dependent on immunosuppressive therapies. Antihuman thymocyte globulin (ATG) has been widely used as induction therapy but the impact of this treatment on wound healing is not fully understood. Objective: To investigate wound healing complications after ATG therapy in renal transplant recipients. Methods: The medical records of 333 kidney transplant recipients were assessed for wound healing disorders. Among these patients, 92 received ATG and 5 doses of 1.5 mg/kg ATG along with the standard protocol of drugs. Results: The mean age of patients was 38.9 years. Of 333 recipients, 92 (23.7%) received ATG; 21 (6.3%) developed wound healing complications. There was a significant relationship between ATG therapy and wound complications (p=0.034). Also, women were more likely to develop wound healing disorders than men (p=0.002). No statistical difference was observed between age and wound healing complication (p=0.28). There was no significant difference between the mean duration of hospitalization between ATG and Non-ATG group (p=0.9). Conclusion: ATG increases the risk of overall wound complications. It is needed to pay more attention to the patients treated with this immunosuppressant to avoid the risk of re-interventions, lessen the duration of hospitalization and decrease the impairment of graft function.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Biologic mesh is commonly used in abdominal wall reconstruction but may result in increased hernia recurrence. There are minimal data on repair of these recurrent hernias. Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review of 24 patients presenting to a single surgeon with recurrent ventral hernia, previously repaired with biologic mesh. Results 17 of 24 study patients underwent open repair, including 5 revisions of incomplete external oblique release. Mesh was polypropylene in 11 patients and fenestrated condensed polytetrafluoroethylene in 3 patients. In one patient, no mesh was used. In 2 patients, bridged biologic mesh was utilized due to risk of exposure. All biologic repairs have since recurred. Complications occurred in 3 of 15 prosthetic mesh patients and in all biologic mesh patients. Conclusions Prior components release can be repeated if CT scan reveals incomplete release. Recurrence is common after bridged biologic mesh repair. Conventional mesh can be used safely in many recurrent abdominal hernias after biologic mesh failure.
    The American Journal of Surgery 07/2014; 208(5). DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.05.008 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Incisional hernia represents a breakdown or loss of continuity of a fascial closure. These hernias are of particular concern not only for the high recurrence rates among them but also for the challenges that follow their repair. It is known to occur in 11-23% of laparotomies. This paper presents two unusual complications of incisional hernia managed by the authors. One ruptured incisional hernia with evisceration of gut and a case of incarcerated gravid uterus in a woman in labour. The case records of the two patients with unusual complications of incisional hernia were pooled and presented to highlight the clinical presentation and management options of this condition. The patient with ruptured hernia and eviscerated gut presented immediately and was resuscitated and the hernia repaired with polypropylene mesh. The patient with incarcerated uterus had caesarean section and mesh repair of the hernia. Incisional hernia can present with unusual complications. The management is very challenging. Good knowledge and skills are required to deal with this condition.
    11/2014; 4(6):971-4. DOI:10.4103/2141-9248.144930