Visual training programme applied to precision shooting.
ABSTRACT A three month visual training programme was conducted at the CAR of Sant Cugat (Olympic Training Center). Eleven members of 'The Catalan Government Special Intervention Squad' were used in a clinical trial. Pre-test and post-test results were obtained for pistol shooting, visual function, and psychological and physical states. Statistical analysis indicated significant gains in visual function and pistol shooting scores after the programme, while psychological (anxiety) and physical condition remained the same. Some conclusive statements can be made with regard to the relation of visual function improvement and shooting performance increment, after analysing the data. This improvement is evident in statistically significant post-test gains in the following variables: 'phoria at distance, recovery points in fusional reserves at distance, analytical amplitude, negative relative accommodation, saccadic fixations, and accommodative facility at distance and at near. The rest of the controlled visual variables also showed clinical improvement.
Chapter: Vision Training and Sports[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The five senses provide us with continual information regarding their on-going status. If all information from each of the senses were processed fully, “sensory overload” would result due to channel capacity limitations. Thus, much of the input information both within and between each sense must be neurologically “filtered” to rid the brain of unwanted and unnecessary aspects via attentional and related/other mechanisms (Welford, 1960; Pashler, 1997) (Figure 16.1). Then, this information is “weighted” with respect to the immediate relevance in relation to the task on hand (Abernethy et al, 1997; Dosher and Lu, 1999), such as batting a baseball (Watts and Bahill, 1990). Fig. 16.1.An information processing model of skilled performance.12/2003: pages 407-433;
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ABSTRACT: Many sports require fine spatiotemporal resolution for optimal performance. Previous studies have compared anticipatory skills and the decision-making process in athletes; however, there is little information on visual skills of elite athletes, particularly hockey players. To assess visual skills of Olympic hockey players and analyze differences by playing position, and to analyze improvement of visual skills after training, 21 Olympic field hockey players were pre- and post-tested on 11 visual tasks following a 10-wk. visual training program consisting of computer-based visual exercises. There were no mean differences at pre-test between players of different positions, suggesting that performance on these visual skills was independent of playing position. However, after training, an improvement was seen in all players (when scores were averaged across all 11 visual tasks) with goalkeepers improving significantly more than any other position. This suggests the possibility of improving visual skills even in an elite population.Perceptual and Motor Skills 02/2012; 114(1):204-16. · 0.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The present study was conducted to investigate the influence of specific visual training in shooting initiation performance. METHODS: Seventy-one first-year university students were divided randomly into two groups. The experimental group followed a nine-session shooting training program that included technical, physical and psychological components, along with specific visual exercises. The control group followed the same program with one difference: this group received theoretical lectures on psychological training techniques instead of doing visual exercises. Pre- and post-test results were obtained for shooting, concentration, saccades and visual acuity. RESULTS: Statistical analysis indicated significant gains in the four mentioned variables for the experimental group. The control group also showed significant differences in the three first variables but no significant improvement in visual acuity. No significant differences in shooting performance were observed between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of vision training on sports initiation performance is still not clear. It cannot be assumed that the improvement is transferable to the performance of precision shooting at the stage of sports initiation.Clinical and Experimental Optometry 02/1999; 82(1):23-28. · 0.92 Impact Factor