Organization and chromosomal localization of the gene (TAF2H) encoding the human TBP-associated factor II 30 (TAFII30).
ABSTRACT The basal RNA polymerase II transcription factor, TFIID, is composed of the TATA binding protein (TBP) and 8-13 TBP-associated factors (TAFs) ranging from 250 to 17 kDa. The structure of the human gene encoding the 30-kDa subunit of TFIID, TAF2H, has been determined. The gene consists of five exons (ranging from 66 to 248 bp) and four introns (ranging from 83 to 211 bp). The transcription start site of the mRNA was mapped, and it shares a weak homology to the consensus of known initiator elements. Using in situ hybridization on human metaphase chromosomes, the TAF2H gene has been localized in the 11p15.2-p15.5 region of the human genome.
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ABSTRACT: Nascent pre-mRNAs associate with hnRNP proteins in hnRNP complexes, the natural substrates for mRNA processing. Several lines of evidence indicate that hnRNP complexes undergo substantial remodeling during mRNA formation and export. Here we report the isolation of three distinct types of pre-mRNP and mRNP complexes from HeLa cells associated with hnRNP A1, a shuttling hnRNP protein. Based on their RNA and protein compositions, these complexes are likely to represent distinct stages in the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling pathway of hnRNP A1 with its bound RNAs. In the cytoplasm, A1 is associated with its nuclear import receptor (transportin), the cytoplasmic poly(A)-binding protein, and mRNA. In the nucleus, A1 is found in two distinct types of complexes that are differently associated with nuclear structures. One class contains pre-mRNA and mRNA and is identical to previously described hnRNP complexes. The other class behaves as freely diffusible nuclear mRNPs (nmRNPs) at late nuclear stages of maturation and possibly associated with nuclear mRNA export. These nmRNPs differ from hnRNPs in that while they contain shuttling hnRNP proteins, the mRNA export factor REF, and mRNA, they do not contain nonshuttling hnRNP proteins or pre-mRNA. Importantly, nmRNPs also contain proteins not found in hnRNP complexes. These include the alternatively spliced isoforms D01 and D02 of the hnRNP D proteins, the E0 isoform of the hnRNP E proteins, and LRP130, a previously reported protein with unknown function that appears to have a novel type of RNA-binding domain. The characteristics of these complexes indicate that they result from RNP remodeling associated with mRNA maturation and delineate specific changes in RNP protein composition during formation and transport of mRNA in vivo.Molecular and Cellular Biology 12/2001; 21(21):7307-19. · 5.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mutations in the CLN2 gene result in classical late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (LINCL), a fatal childhood neurodegenerative disease. In this report, we present the complete sequence of the human CLN2 gene and define its physical relationship with two other genes that have been previously mapped to chromosome 11p15. The CLN2 gene consists of 13 exons and 12 introns and spans 6.65 kb. By S1 mapping and primer extension, the 5'-terminus of the CLN2 mRNA was mapped to 32 nucleotides upstream of the proposed initiation codon. A number of other elements were found to be located in close proximity to CLN2, including the gene encoding transcription factor TAFII30, the gene encoding intregrin-linked kinase, and an approximately 914-bp fragment that is 82% identical to antithrombin III. In addition, an EST cDNA clone that is transcribed on the strand opposite to CLN2 and that overlaps a portion of the CLN2 gene was identified. Finally, a set of primer pairs are presented for the amplification of the coding sequences, putative promoter, and splice junctions of the CLN2 gene. Taken together, this information will facilitate the molecular analysis of and genetic testing for classical LINCL.Genomics 07/1998; 50(2):206-12. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Allelic loss at the short arm of chromosome 11 is one of the most common and potent events in the progression and metastasis of breast cancer. Here, we present evidence that the Integrin-Linked Kinase (ILK) gene maps to the commonly deleted chromosome 11p15.5 and suppresses malignant growth of human breast cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. ILK is expressed in normal breast tissue but is downregulated in metastatic breast cancer cell lines and in advanced breast cancers. Transfection of wild-type ILK into the MDA-MB-435 mammary carcinoma cells potently suppressed their growth and invasiveness in vitro and reduced the cells' ability to induce tumors and metastasize in athymic nude mice. Conversely, expression of the ankyrin repeat or catalytic domain mutants of ILK failed to suppress the growth of these cells. Growth suppression by ILK is not due to apoptosis but is mediated by its ability to block cell-cycle progression in the G1 phase and by modulating the levels of integrins. These findings directly demonstrate that ILK deficiency facilitates neoplastic growth and invasion and suggest a novel role for the ILK gene in the suppression of tumor metastasis.International Journal of Cancer 11/2004; 111(6):881-91. · 6.20 Impact Factor