Diagnosis and treatment of symptomatic peripancreatic fluid collections after pancreas transplant.
University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha 68198, USA.Transplantation Proceedings (Impact Factor: 0.95). 01/1996; 27(6):3057-8.
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ABSTRACT: Combined pancreas-kidney transplantation (PKT) has become generally accepted as an effective treatment option, but controversy exists regarding the early morbidity rate of the procedure. To address this issue, we retrospectively analyzed all readmissions occurring in the first 3 months after PKT. Over a 5-year period, we performed 98 PKTs with bladder drainage. The mean recipient age was 36.6 years, with a mean pretransplant duration of diabetes of 23.5 years. All patients received quadruple immunosuppression with antilymphocyte induction therapy. The mean length of initial hospital stay was 20 days. One hundred forty-five readmissions occurred in 73 patients (74.5%), with the initial readmission occurring at a mean of 8.5 days after hospital dismissal and 28 days after PKT. Twenty-five patients (25.5%) had no readmissions, 35 (36%) had one readmission, 17 (17%) had two readmissions, and the remaining 21 patients (21.5%) had three or more readmissions in the first 3 months. The mean number of readmissions was 1.5 per patient. Forty-seven patients (48%) were readmitted within 1 week, and all but one initial readmission occurred within 1 month of hospital dismissal. Causes of readmission included rejection (51), infection (32), pancreas-specific morbidity (such as dehydration, hematuria, or pancreatitis; 50), and miscellaneous causes (12). Thirteen patients (13%) underwent reoperation during readmission. The mean length of hospital stay during readmission was 7.6 days. The mean total length of hospitalization in the first 3 months after PKT was 31 days. Over the span of 5 years, no changes have occurred either in the incidence, timing, causes, or duration of readmissions. The patient survival rate is 96%, the kidney graft survival rate is 90%, and the pancreas graft survival rate is 88% after a mean follow-up of 2.6 years. Mean rehabilitation time (return to work or normal activity) after PKT was 4.0 months. In conclusion, PKT is associated with a fixed morbidity characterized by early readmission (within 1 week) in nearly half of patients and pancreas-specific morbidity as the cause in 35% of readmissions. During evaluation, prospective candidates should be counseled regarding the unique morbidity of PKT. Successful management strategies must emphasize the intensity of early follow-up and recognize the propensity toward immunologic, metabolic, exocrine, and urologic side effects.American Journal of Kidney Diseases 01/1997; 28(6):867-77. DOI:10.1016/S0272-6386(96)90387-X · 5.76 Impact Factor
- Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 02/1998; 13 Suppl 8:57-9. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We describe a 35-year-old male type 1 diabetic who underwent a cadaveric combined kidney-bladder-drained pancreas transplant with a duodenocystostomy for exocrine drainage who developed a large pelvic pseudocyst associated with a dilated pancreatic duct and an elevated serum amylase level. Due to the risk of surgical revision and the possibility of creating a cutaneous fistula with conventional percutaneous drainage, a pseudocyst-to-bladder drainage was performed. After the procedure, the catheter was capped to allow drainage of the pancreatic secretions into the bladder. After drainage, the patient's serum amylase and lipase normalized along with resolution of the pseudocyst. The tube was removed after 19 weeks with no evidence of a recurrent pseudocyst and a normal serum amylase level. The percutaneous pseudocyst-cystostomy obviated the need for surgical revision of the exocrine gland drainage and thus eliminated the morbidity and the potential risk of graft loss associated with such surgery.Transplantation 06/1998; 64(11):1568-71. DOI:10.1016/S0022-5347(01)63334-2 · 3.78 Impact Factor
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