Use of non-radioactive labels for half-life measurement of sex hormone-binding globulin in the rabbit.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate two methods for labeling rabbit sex hormone-binding globulin (rSHBG) with non-radioactive material, biotin (B) and europium (Eu3+), in order to obtain stable labeled SHBG and measure in vivo its metabolism and distribution. The obtained half-life values were compared with [125I]rSHBG half-lives. rSHBG was first isolated by immunoaffinity chromatography using an immobilized monoclonal anti-human SHBG (hSHBG) antibody that cross-reacts with rSHBG. This purified rSHBG was labeled by either biotin-X-N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (rSHBG-B), Eu3(+)-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic dianhydride, or Eu(3+)-isothiocyanatobenzyldiethylenetriamine-tetraacetic acid reagents (rSHBG-Eu3+) or by 125I using Bolton and Hunter reagent ([125I]rSHBG). The labeling procedure preserved the main properties of native SHBG: interaction with the lectine concanavaline A-Sepharose, recognition by anti-hSHBG monoclonal antibody, and, although lower than in native SHBG, the binding affinity for 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone. These characteristics were the prerequisite for reliable measurement of the metabolism of labeled SHBG. Labeled rSHBG was injected into various rabbits with blood sampling at 2 min and at 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h after injection. rSHBG-B or desiaylated rSHBG-B and rSHBG-Eu3+ were captured from serum samples by tubes coated with anti-hSHBG antibody prior to the following detection procedure: biotin was detected by luminometry with the [streptavidin-alkaline phosphatase-dioxetane (AMPPD)] system and europium by time-resolved fluorimetry. [125I]rSHBG was detected by measurement of radioactivity either directly on serum or after fixation on concanavaline A-Sepharose.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The system of chemiluminescent magnetic enzyme-linked immunoassay was developed. E. coli O157:H7 was sandwiched between rabbits anti-E. coli O157:H7 polyclonal antibody-coated magnetic nanoparticles (immunomagnetic nanoparticles or IMNPs) and mouse anti-E. coli O157:H7 monoclonal antibody. Commercial alkaline phosphatase conjugated horse anti-mouse immunoglobulin (ALP-Ab) was used to bind with the monoclonal antibody, finally the chemiluminescent signals were detected by adding 3-(2'-spiroadamantane)-4-methoxy-4-(3"-phosphoryloxy)phenyl-1,2-dioxetane (AMPPD) which was the substrate reagent of ALP. Different solvents of AMPPD were compared to get an optimal chemiluminescent signal. The effects of sodium borohydride and glycine on blocking the aldehyde groups of IMNPs were compared either, and the specificity and sensitivity of this system for detecting E. coli O157:H7 were researched. The results indicated that Tris buffer was the best solvent of AMPPD, sodium borohydride was better than glycine in blocking IMNPs, and this method was of good specificity when using E. coli Top 10F' and Vibrio cholera as negative controls. The detection limit was 10(3) cells mL(-1) when the antigen solution was 1 mL, and the procedure duration was about 3 h.Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 02/2010; 10(2):696-701. · 1.34 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Klotho (KL) is an age regulating protein named after the Greek goddess who spins the thread of life. Mice deficient in KL are normal throughout development, but rapidly degenerate and display a variety of aging-associated abnormalities that eventually lead to decreased life expectancy. While multiple genetic association studies have identified KL polymorphisms linked with changes in disease risk, there is a paucity of concrete mechanistic data to explain how these amino acid substitutions alter KL protein function. The KLVS polymorphism is suggested to lead to changes in protein trafficking although the mechanism is unclear. Our studies have sought to further investigate the functional differences in the KLVS variant that result in increased risk of many age-related diseases. Our findings suggest that the F352V and C370S substitutions lead to alterations in processing as seen by differences in shedding and half-life. Their co-expression in KLVS results in a phenotype resembling wild-type, but despite this intragenic complementation there are still changes in homodimerization and interactions with FGFR1c. Taken together, these studies suggest that KLVS leads to altered homodimerization that indirectly leads to changes in processing and FGFR1c interactions. These findings help elucidate the functional differences that result from the VS polymorphism, which will help clarify how alterations in KL function can lead to human disease and affect cognition and lifespan.Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2013; · 4.60 Impact Factor