Article

A non-pharmacological approach to pain relief.

Professional nurse (London, England) 02/1996; 11(4):222-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Effective pain management programmes must acknowledge the subjective nature of pain. Non-pharmacological pain management can be as effective, on occasions, as pharmacological pain management. Stress and anxiety evoke a similar physiological response to acute pain, highlighting the need for efficient cognitive management programmes.

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