Treatment of photodamaged skin with trichloroacetic acid and topical tretinoin.
ABSTRACT Photodamaged skin typically displays lentigines, actinic keratoses, wrinkles, and textural alteration. Chemical peeling has been used to treat these, but few controlled studies have been performed to determine its efficacy.
Our purpose was to compare the efficacy of a medium-depth chemical peel with and without tretinoin before and after treatment.
Sixteen men with actinic damage including actinic keratoses were treated with a 40% trichloroacetic acid(TCA) chemical peel. Half were pretreated for 6 weeks with topical tretinoin; they also used tretinoin after the peel. Photographs were obtained at baseline and at 6 weeks and 6 months after treatment. Changes in specific features were rated by a panel of three examiners.
Some improvement was noted in all patients. More rapid and even frosting was observed in the patients pretreated with tretinoin. Solar lentigines, actinic keratoses, and skin texture were the features of photoaging most affected; wrinkles were least affected. No statistically significant difference was found between patients treated with TCA and tretinoin (before and after peel) and those with TCA alone.
A medium-depth chemical peel with 40% TCA alone produced moderate improvement in some manifestations of actinic damage but had little effect on wrinkles. Treatment with tretinoin before and after TCA did not significantly enhance the efficacy of the peel.
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie 04/2008; 135(3):239-44. · 0.72 Impact Factor
Article: Retinoids in cosmeceuticals.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Retinoids are natural and synthetic vitamin A derivatives. They are lipophilic molecules and easily penetrate the epidermis. Their biologically active forms can modulate the expression of genes involved in cellular differentiation and proliferation. Retinoic acid (tretinoin), its 13-cis isomer isotretinoin, as well as various synthetic retinoids are used for therapeutic purposes, whereas retinaldehyde, retinol, and retinyl esters, because of their controlled conversion to retinoic acid or their direct receptor-independent biologic action, can be used as cosmeceuticals. These natural retinoic acid precursors are thus expected to be helpful in (i) renewing epidermal cells, (ii) acting as UV filters, (iii) preventing oxidative stress, (iv) controlling cutaneous bacterial flora, and (v) improving skin aging and photoaging. Retinol and retinyl esters are not irritant, whereas demonstrating only a modest clinical efficiency. On the other hand, retinaldehyde, which is fairly well tolerated, seems to be the most efficient cosmeceutical retinoid; it has significant efficiency toward oxidative stress, cutaneous bacterial flora, epidermis renewing, and photoaging.Dermatologic Therapy 19(5):289-96. · 1.69 Impact Factor