Primary body cavity-based AIDS-related lymphomas.
ABSTRACT Five patients with advanced AIDS developed a unique type of high grade primary body cavity-based non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The lymphomas were exclusively in serous effusions with no detectable mass disease in the body cavities and no lymphadenopathy or organomegaly. All of the lymphomas exhibited virtually identical morphology, which could not be precisely classified, but appeared to bridge features of large cell immunoblastic and anaplastic large cell lymphomas. Immunophenotypically the lymphoma cells lacked expression of any B- or T-lymphocyte antigens, but expressed CD45 and the activation antigens CD30, CD38, CD71, and HLA-DR. Clonally rearranged immunoglobulin heavy chain and kappa light chain genes were identified by Southern blot analysis. Molecular studies also revealed Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) genomes and germline configuration of the c-myc protooncogene. In two cases studied cytogenetically, the lymphoma cells manifested complex chromosome abnormalities. These lymphomas are clinically and biologically unique and found predominantly in patients with advanced AIDS, in many cases with pre-existing Kaposi's sarcoma.
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ABSTRACT: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8)-associated and very rare type of lymphoma usually confined to the body cavities and commonly observed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. A comparison was made between the cytologic and immunocytochemical features of 4 cases of PEL encountered in the authors' department with those reported to date in the literature. A comprehensive comparison of the cytologic and immunocytochemical features of the 4 cases with those reported in the literature was conducted. Cytologically, the most consistent features of the 4 cases and those in the literature included large cell size, moderate to abundant cytoplasm, a single nucleus in most cells with occasional bi- or multinucleated giant cells, single to multiple prominent nucleoli, and coarse chromatin. Immunocytochemically, only 2 (50%) of the current cases were of the null-phenotype compared with 93% of cases in the literature; the other 2 cases had a T-cell phenotype. Activation markers were expressed in 50% and 78% of the current cases and the literature cases, respectively. Positivity for HHV-8 was proven in the 4 cases by immunocytochemistry. Cytomorphologically, PEL exhibits features bridging large cell immunoblastic and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Although it is usually of null-phenotype, it may occasionally express B-cell or T-cell markers, rendering its distinction difficult from other lymphomatous effusions on a cytologic and immunocytochemical basis alone. Therefore, HHV-8 detection is an essential confirmatory ancillary test in suspected cases of PEL.Cancer 09/2007; 111(4):224-33. DOI:10.1002/cncr.22691 · 4.90 Impact Factor
- 01/1999; 43:299-302. DOI:10.1159/000330998
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ABSTRACT: HPV-associated conditions including condyloma, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix, anus, perianal skin, and vulva are commonly diagnosed and difficult to successfully treat in HIV-infected individuals. Effective, novel, non-surgical treatment modalities would be a welcome addition to the current treatment options. Cidofovir, an antiviral agent, appears to have efficacy with these diseases.06/2010: pages 235-245;