Evaluation of a pneumonia practice guideline in an interventional trial.
ABSTRACT There are few available data to define the medically necessary duration of stay for patients hospitalized with pneumonia. Therefore, we investigated the safety and effectiveness of a practice guideline that provided information about switching patients from parenteral to oral antimicrobials and early hospital discharge. The study was a prospective controlled study with an alternate month design. The practice guideline was studied in 146 "low-risk" pneumonia patients hospitalized during a 22-month period. Medical care consistent with the practice guideline occurred in 64% and 76% of patients during control and intervention periods, respectively (p=0.15). There were no differences in patient outcomes in the control and intervention groups when measured 1 mo after hospital discharge, including hospital readmission rates, health-related quality of life, and patient satisfaction. Explicit and implicit review revealed that 98.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 95.1%, 99.8%) of low-risk patients would not have benefited from continued hospitalization after the fourth hospital day. The 30-d survival rate of the low-risk pneumonia patients was 99.3% (95% CI: 96.2%, 100%) and patient outcomes appeared to be favorable compared with previously published values. We conclude that duration of hospital stay was frequently consistent with the practice guideline in both study groups, and patient outcomes remained unchanged. The guideline will require additional testing before it can be recommended for use.
- American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 06/2001; 163(7):1730-1754. DOI:10.1164/ajrccm.163.7.at1010 · 11.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Community acquired pneumonia is still an important health problem. In Spain the year incidence is 162 cases per 100,000 inhabitants with 53,000 hospital admission costing 115 millions of euros per year. In the last years there have been significant advances in the knowledge of: aetiology, diagnostic tools, treatment alternatives and antibiotic resistance. The Spanish Societies of Intensive and Critical Care (SEMICYUC), Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC) and Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR) have produced these evidence-based Guidelines for the management of community acquired pneumonia in Adults. The main objective is to help physicians to make decisions about this disease. The different points that have been developed are: aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.Medicina Intensiva 02/2005; 29(1):21-62. DOI:10.1016/S0210-5691(05)74199-1 · 1.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although many hospitals have reported attempts to reduce length of stay for patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia, few have included efforts to educate patients to prepare them for earlier discharges. We aimed to improve patients' knowledge about pneumonia and their experiences with inpatient care as part of a multifaceted intervention that included attempts to reduce unnecessary time on intravenous antibiotics and length of hospital stay. We developed guidelines for the appropriate duration of intravenous antibiotics in patients with community-acquired pneumonia and collected baseline data retrospectively on patients discharged from October 1996 through April 1997. We surveyed these patients to assess knowledge and experience with care. Beginning in July 1997, we conducted a series of physician and nurse educational interventions (lectures, feedback of performance data, one-on-one education by peers). Patients received education about pneumonia from their nurses and a specially developed educational brochure. Following the interventions, we collected clinical and survey data on patients with pneumonia discharged from October 1997 through April 1998. Among patients who responded to the survey (163 in the preintervention period; 114 in the postintervention period), fewer reported that no one went out of the way to help them (preintervention, 37% [n = 60]; postintervention, 6% [n = 7]; P = 0.001), more reported that they received all the information they needed to recover (75% [n = 122] vs. 94% [n = 107], P = 0.02), and more reported that they were told about danger signals of relapse (46% [n = 75] vs. 60% [n = 68], P = 0.03). Mean (+/- SD) time on intravenous antibiotics decreased from 5.0 +/- 3.7 days to 4.3 +/- 3.3 days (P = 0.04). The interventions improved patients' knowledge and experiences with care, while decreasing time on intravenous antibiotics.The American Journal of Medicine 11/2002; 113(5):379-83. DOI:10.1016/S0002-9343(02)01233-0 · 5.30 Impact Factor