NMR evidence for helix geometry modifications by a G-U wobble base pair in the acceptor arm of E. coli tRNA(Ala).
ABSTRACT A ribooligonucleotide duplex representing the acceptor stem of E. coli RNA(Ala) with a G3-U70 wobble base pair, which is the main identity element for the recognition by the alanine-tRNA synthetase, has been characterized by 2D-NMR, as having two sequence variants with a regular Watson-Crick G3-C70 and an I3-U70 wobble pair, respectively. As compared to a regular A-RNA, the G-U base pair gives rise to variations of the local helix geometry which are reflected in distinct local chemical shift changes. Structural differences between the duplex possessing an I3-U70 base pair and the wild-type G3-U70 sequence have also been found. The nucleotides in the ubiquitous single-stranded NCCA terminus display a surprisingly high degree of stacking order, especially between A73, C74, and C75.
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ABSTRACT: The structure-function relationship in RNA molecules is a key to understanding of the expression of genetic information. Various types of RNA play crucial roles at almost every step of protein biosynthesis. In recent years, it has been shown that one of the most important structural elements in RNA is a wobble pair G-U. In this paper, we present for the first time an analysis of the distribution of G-U pairs in eukaryotic 5S ribosomal RNAs. Interestingly, the G-U pair in 5S rRNA species is predominantly found in two intrahelical regions of the stems I and V and at the junction of helix IV and loop A. The distribution of G-U pairs and the nature of adjacent bases suggests their possible role as a recognition site in interactions with other components of protein biosynthesis machinery.Molecular Biology and Evolution 09/2000; 17(8):1194-8. · 10.35 Impact Factor
Article: Identity elements of archaeal tRNA.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Features unique to a transfer-RNA are recognized by the corresponding tRNA-synthetase. Keeping this in view we isolate the discriminating features of all archaeal tRNA. These are our identity elements. Further, we investigate tRNA-characteristics that delineate the different orders of Archaea.DNA Research 02/2005; 12(4):235-46. · 4.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Thermodynamic parameters for GU pairs are important for predicting the secondary structures of RNA and for finding genomic sequences that code for structured RNA. Optical melting curves were measured for 29 RNA duplexes with GU pairs to improve nearest neighbor parameters for predicting stabilities of helixes. The updated model eliminates a prior penalty assumed for terminal GU pairs. Six additional duplexes with the 5'GG/3'UU motif were added to the single representation in the previous database. This revises the ΔG°(37) for the 5'GG/3'UU motif from an unfavorable 0.5 kcal/mol to a favorable -0.2 kcal/mol. Similarly, the ΔG°(37) for the 5'UG/3'GU motif changes from 0.3 to -0.6 kcal/mol. The correlation coefficients between predicted and experimental ΔG°(37), ΔH°, and ΔS° for the expanded database are 0.95, 0.89, and 0.87, respectively. The results should improve predictions of RNA secondary structure.Biochemistry 04/2012; · 3.38 Impact Factor