Article

Repeat hepatic surgery for colorectal cancer metastasis to the liver.

Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
Annals of Surgery (Impact Factor: 7.19). 07/1996; 223(6):765-73; discussion 773-6. DOI: 10.1097/00000658-199606000-00015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The authors addressed whether a repeat hepatic operation is warranted in patients with recurrent isolated hepatic metastases. Are the results as good after second operation as after first hepatic operation?
Five-year survival after initial hepatic operation for colorectal metastases is approximately 33%. Because available alternative methods of treatment provide inferior results, hepatic resection for isolated colorectal metastasis currently is well accepted as the best treatment option. However, the main cause of death after liver resection for colorectal metastasis is tumor recurrence.
Records of 95 patients undergoing initial hepatic operation and 10 patients undergoing repeat operation for isolated hepatic metastases were reviewed for operative morbidity and mortality, survival, disease-free survival, and pattern of failure. The literature on repeat hepatic resection for colorectal metastases was reviewed.
The mean interval between the initial colon operation and first hepatic resection was 14 months. The mean interval between the first and second hepatic operation was 17 months. Operative mortality was 0%. At a mean follow-up of 33 +/- 27 months, survival in these ten patients was 100% at 1 year and 88% +/- 12% at 2 years. Disease-free survival at 1 and 3 years was 60% +/- 16% and 45% +/- 17%, respectively. After second hepatic operation, recurrence has been identified in 60% of patients at a mean of 24 +/- 30 months (median 9 months). Two of these ten patients had a third hepatic resection. Survival and disease-free survival for the 10 patients compared favorably with the 95 patients who underwent initial hepatic resection.
Repeat hepatic operation for recurrent colorectal metastasis to the liver yields comparable results to first hepatic operations in terms of operative mortality and morbidity, survival, disease-free survival, and pattern of recurrence. This work helps to establish that repeat hepatic operation is the most successful form of treatment for isolated recurrent colorectal metastases.

Full-text

Available from: Charles Wright Pinson, Nov 01, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
59 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For the 20% of patients with resectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM), hepatic resection is safe, effective and potentially curative. Factors related to the primary and metastatic tumors individually and in clinical risk-scoring schemes are the best prognostic factors, although it is difficult to define patient groups with resectable, liver-limited CRLM that should be excluded from surgery. Systemic chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer has improved but does not improve overall survival as adjuvant therapy after resection. Conversion to complete resection with systemic and/or hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy is an appropriate goal for patients with unresectable CRLM. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America 02/2015; 29(1):61-84. DOI:10.1016/j.hoc.2014.09.003 · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with recurrence after complete resection of colorectal liver metastases (CLM) are considered for repeat resection as a potential salvage therapy (PST). However, outcomes for this approach are not well defined. We sought to analyze the natural history of recurrence and PST in a large cohort of patients with long-term follow-up. Recurrence patterns, treatments, and outcomes in consecutive patients undergoing resection for colorectal liver metastases were analyzed retrospectively. PST was defined as repeat resection of all recurrent disease and effective salvage therapy (EST) as free of disease for 36 months after last PST. Factors associated with PST, EST, and outcomes were analyzed. Of 952 patients who underwent resection, 594 (62 %) experienced recurrence (median interval = 13 months). Initial recurrences involved liver (n = 157,26 %), lung (n = 167,28 %), multiple sites (n = 171,29 %), and other single sites (n = 99,17 %). PST was performed in 160 (27 %) of 594, most commonly with a single site of recurrence (n = 149). Young age (p = 0.01), negative initial resection margin (p = 0.003), initial tumor size <5 cm (p = 0.006), and recurrence pattern (p < 0.001) were independently associated with PST. Thirty-six patients experienced EST (25 % of PSTs). Overall median survival was 61 and 43 months in those with recurrence. Median survival of patients undergoing PST was 87 months compared to 34 months for those who did not. Recurrence is common after CLM resection, but 27 % of patients were able to undergo PST. Approximately one-quarter of these experienced EST and may be cured. PST is associated with long-term survival and possible cure, and therefore active surveillance after CLM resection is justified.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 01/2015; DOI:10.1245/s10434-015-4370-1 · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Opinions on the suitability of repeat hepatectomy for patients with recurrent colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) vary among studies. We conducted a meta-analysis to establish the criteria for selecting the best candidates for a second hepatectomy. Methods Database and manual searches were performed to identify comparative or prognostic studies published up to October 2013. Outcomes of interest included disease characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and long-term survival after initial and second hepatectomies for patients with CRLM. Study quality was appraised using the Newcastle–Ottawa scale and a modified Hayden’s score. Results A total of 7,226 patients from 27 studies were included. Recurrent CRLMs after initial hepatectomy were more likely to be solitary (RR = 0.86, P = 0.045), unilobar (RR = 0.60, P < 0.001), and smaller (WMD = –0.66, P < 0.001). Postoperative morbidity and mortality were comparable between initial and second hepatectomies (RR = 1.10, P = 0.191; RR = 0.78, P = 0.678, respectively). In high-quality studies, patients showed better survival after a second hepatectomy than those after a single hepatectomy (HR = 0.68, P = 0.022). Patients meeting the following six predictors survived longer after second hepatectomy: disease-free survival after initial hepatectomy >1 y (P = 0.034); solitary CRLM at second hepatectomy (P < 0.001); unilobar CRLM at second hepatectomy (P = 0.009); maximal size of CRLM at second hepatectomy ≤5 cm (P = 0.035); lack of extrahepatic metastases at second hepatectomy (P < 0.001); and R0 resection at second hepatectomy (P < 0.001). Conclusions Second hepatectomy is a safe and feasible procedure for patients with recurrent CRLM. In fact, in well-selected patients it improves overall survival. The established criteria can help clinicians to select the best candidates for second hepatectomy and to achieve better long-term outcomes after resection.
    European Journal of Surgical Oncology 09/2014; 40(9). DOI:10.1016/j.ejso.2014.03.012 · 2.89 Impact Factor