Structure of the nidogen binding LE module of the laminin gamma 1 chain in solution
ABSTRACT The structure of the single LE module between residues 791 and 848 of the laminin gamma1 chain, which contains the high affinity binding site for nidogen, has been probed using NMR methods. The module folds into an autonomous domain which has a stable and unique three-dimensional (3D) structure in solution. The 3D structure was determined on the basis of 362 interproton distance constraints derived from nuclear Overhauser enhancement measurements and 39 phi angles, supplemented by 5 psi and 22 chi1 angles. The main features of the NMR structures are two-stranded antiparallel beta-sheets which are separated by loops and cross-connected by four disulfide bridges. The N-terminal segment which contains the first three disulfide bridges is similar to epidermal growth factor. The C-terminal segment has an S-like backbone profile with a crossover at the last disulfide bridge and comprises two three-residue long beta-strands that form an antiparallel beta-sheet. The LE module possesses an exposed nidogen binding loop that projects away from the main body of the protein. The side-chains of three amino acids which are crucial for binding (Asp, Asn, Val) are all exposed at the domain surface. An inactivating Asn-Ser mutation in this region showed the same 3D structure indicating that these three residues, and possibly an additional Tyr in an adjacent loop, provide direct contacts in the interaction with nidogen.
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ABSTRACT: We describe the detailed structural investigation of nidogen-1/laminin γ1 complexes using full-length nidogen-1 and a number of laminin γ1 variants. The interactions of nidogen-1 with laminin variants γ1 LEb2-4, γ1 LEb2-4 N836D, γ1 short arm, and γ1 short arm N836D were investigated by applying a combination of (photo-)chemical cross-linking, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and computational modeling. In addition, surface plasmon resonance and ELISA studies were used to determine kinetic constants of the nidogen-1/laminin γ1 interaction. Two complementary cross-linking strategies were pursued to analyze solution structures of laminin γ1 variants and nidogen-1. The majority of distance information was obtained with the homobifunctional amine-reactive cross-linker bis(sulfosuccinimidyl)glutarate. In a second approach, UV-induced cross-linking was performed after incorporation of the diazirine-containing unnatural amino acids photo-leucine and photo-methionine into laminin γ1 LEb2-4, laminin γ1 short arm, and nidogen-1. Our results indicate that Asn-836 within laminin γ1 LEb3 domain is not essential for complex formation. Cross-links between laminin γ1 short arm and nidogen-1 were found in all protein regions, evidencing several additional contact regions apart from the known interaction site. Computational modeling based on the cross-linking constraints indicates the existence of a conformational ensemble of both the individual proteins and the nidogen-1/laminin γ1 complex. This finding implies different modes of interaction resulting in several distinct protein-protein interfaces.PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e112886. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0112886 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Nidogen-1 is a key basement membrane protein that is required for many biological activities. It is one of the central elements in organizing basal laminae including those in skin, muscle, and the nervous system. The self-assembling extracellular matrix that also incorporates fibulins, fibronectin and integrins is clamped together by networks formed between nidogen, perlecan, laminin and collagen IV. To date, the full-length version of nidogen-1 has not been studied in detail in terms of its solution conformation and shape because of its susceptibility to proteolysis. In the current study, we have expressed and purified full-length nidogen-1 and have investigated its solution behaviour using size exclusion chromatography (SEC), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The ab initio shape reconstruction of the complex between nidogen-1 and the laminin γ-1 short arm confirms that the interaction is mediated solely by the C-terminal domains: the rest of the domains of both proteins do no participate in complex formation.Matrix biology: journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 08/2013; 33. DOI:10.1016/j.matbio.2013.07.009 · 3.65 Impact Factor