[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using soluble 123I-labeled aggregates of human IgG (123I-AHIgG) as a probe, we examined the function of the mononuclear phagocyte system in 22 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 12 healthy controls. In SLE patients, a decreased number of eryth-rocyte complement receptor type 1 was associated with less binding of 123I-AHIgG to erythrocytes and a faster initial rate of elimination of 123I-AHIgG (mean ± SEM half-maximal clearance time 5.23 ± 0.2 minutes, versus 6.58 ± 0.2 minutes in the controls), with possible spillover of the material outside the mononuclear phagocyte system of the liver and spleen. However, multiple regression analysis showed that serum concentrations of IgG were the most important factor predicting the rate of 123I-AHIgG elimination. IgG concentration may thus reflect immune complex clearance, which in turn, would influence the inflammatory reaction, in SLE.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The proteinuria in renal allograft recipients has been regarded as a sign of poor prognosis. The causes of post-transplant proteinuria include chronic rejection, chronic transplant glomerulopathy, glomerulonephritis (GN), acute rejection, and cyclosporine nephrotoxicity. Among them, chronic rejection is known to be most frequent. We analyzed the histopathologic findings of renal allograft biopsies in 197 Korean recipients with proteinuria. Among them, 26 patients developed proteinuria over 500 mg/d. All patients received baseline immunosuppression with cyclosporine. From 26 patients with post-transplant proteinuria, 29 biopsies were performed and their histologic diagnoses were immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) in 17, IgAN combined with chronic allograft nephropathy in 1, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in 2, crescentic GN in 1, membranous GN in 1, diabetic nephropathy in 1, acute tubulointerstitial nephritis in 1, and chronic rejection in 3 biopsies. The remaining two biopsies showed nonspecific findings. The most common cause of post-transplant proteinuria was IgAN (62% of biopsies). The incidence of chronic rejection was relatively low and predominant cyclosporine-associated changes were not observed. In conclusion, our data suggest that the main causes of post-transplant proteinuria in Korea are primary glomerulonephritides rather than chronic rejection or cyclosporine nephrotoxicity, and the kidney allograft biopsies from patients with proteinuria should be handled as native kidney.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic rejection is the leading cause of late renal transplant failure. Various structural lesions are observed in grafts undergoing chronic rejection including glomerular basement membrane (GBM) duplications. The well-established Fisher (F344) to Lewis (LEW) rat renal transplant model for chronic rejection was used to assess the presence and role of the humoral immune response against graft antigens during chronic rejection. LEW recipients of F344 allografts develop transplant glomerulopathy and produce IgG1 antibodies directed against F344 GBM preparations that are detectable 3 weeks after transplantation. Glomerular IgG1 deposition was observed that in vitro co-localized with a rabbit anti-rat GBM antiserum in rejecting F344 grafts; elution experiments of isolated glomeruli yielded IgG1 antibodies reactive in vitro with F344 GBM, but not LEW GBM. Prevention of acute rejection by transient treatment of the recipients with cyclosporin A completely abrogated the production of anti-GBM antibodies. Using proteomic techniques we identified the antigens recognized by the LEW posttransplant sera as being the heparan sulfate proteoglycan perlecan and the alpha1 chain of collagen type VI in association with the alpha5 chain of collagen type IV. In conclusion, LEW recipients of F344 kidney grafts produce IgG1 antibodies against donor type perlecan and alpha1(VI)/alpha5(IV) collagen and develop transplant glomerulopathy. These data implicate an important role for the humoral immune response in the development of glomerulopathy during chronic rejection.
American Journal Of Pathology 05/2002; 160(4):1301-10. DOI:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)62557-6 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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