The prognosis of oral mucosal squamous cell carcinomas: a comparison of clinical and histopathological grading and of laminin and type IV collagen staining.
ABSTRACT Changes in the distribution of basement membrane components have been described in dysplastic lesions and in oral mucosal squamous cell carcinomas (OMSCC). The purpose of this study was to determine if these changes were related to pathological grade and if so, whether this had prognostic implications. Fifty formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens of OMSCC, with five or more years clinical follow-up, were studied using an immunoperoxidase technique for the detection of the basement membrane components, laminin and type IV collagen. The immunoreactivity of each component was evaluated and semiquantitatively scored as minimal, moderate or extensive and the results compared with the tumour size, node involvement and metastasis (TNM) clinical staging system and histopathological features. OMSCC were characterized by minimal or moderate staining with small islands of neoplastic cells frequently lacking staining for laminin and type IV collagen. Deposition of these components decreased with increased histopathological grade and absence of staining was more commonly associated with a poor prognosis. In particular the pattern of type IV collagen staining frequently differed from laminin staining. Neither of these parameters offered an advantage over TNM clinical staging with regard to prognosis. It was concluded that variations in laminin and type IV collagen immunoreactivity occurred in OMSCC and that high histopathological grade tumours with considerably diminished staining with anti-laminin and anti-type IV collagen carried a poor prognosis.
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ABSTRACT: Basement membrane of glomerular mesangium (BMG) is a thin membrane which helps to support the capillary loops in a renal glomerulus and type IV collagen is require for complete BM formation during glomerulogenesis. In this investigation specific antibody of type IV collagen has been used in light microscopy to study development of BMG of the embryonic and postnatal mouse glomerular mesangium. In this study, 20 female Balb/C mice were selected randomly and finding vaginal plug was assumed as day zero of pregnancy. 12 pregnant mice were sacrified by cervical dislocation in one of gestational days 13-18, their fetuses were fixed and serially sectioned. Immunohistochemical Study for tracing of collagen type IV in BMG was carried out. The same processes were carried out for kidneys preparation of pups on 5, 10, 15 and 20 days after birth (2 mothers for each day). The result of the present study revealed that collagen IV reaction was weak on day 15 of gestation. The amount of collagen increased continuously until next days of fetal life and primary of 10 days postnatal in BMG. After this period, collagen IV showed no significant change in newborns. These data indicate that collagen IV appears just during the glomerular vasculogenesis and because of continuity and glomerular endothelial cell differentiation, type IV collagen, is the major structural protein in BMG, have been implicated in these processes.Journal of Cell and Molecular Research. 01/2009; 1:91-96.
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ABSTRACT: Invasion and metastasis are two characteristics of malignant tumors, which perform by proteolytic destruction of the components of basement membrane (BM) and cell migration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunohistochemical (IHC) assessment of type IV collagen and laminin-332 γ2 (Ln-332 γ2) chain expression in well-differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral verrucous carcinoma (OVC), because these two lesions have same histopathologic findings whereas they have different biological behaviors. Destruction of BM and cell migration were evaluated by IHC in 15 cases of epithelial hyperplasia with no dysplasia (A group), 15 cases of OVC (B group) and 15 cases of well-differentiated OSCC (C group). There was a significant difference in type IV collagen immunohistochemical staining between three groups, but there were no significant differences between B and C groups. Expression of Ln-332 γ2 chain was not detected in A group. Ln-332 γ2 chain labeling index had significantly difference between B and C groups. The number of Ln-332 γ2 chain immunostaining positive cells was less than 5% in B group and over than 5% in C group which there were significantly differences between these two groups. Isolated immunohistochemical study of type IV collagen does not clearly define that a lesion is invasive or non-invasive and evaluation of Ln-332 γ2 chain expression (cut-off 5%) may be useful as a marker for description of biological differences and diagnosis of OVC from well-differentiated OSCC, especially in doubtful cases.Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 02/2011; 40(2):167-73. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the immunohistochemical (IHC) localization of basement membrane component laminin in histological grades of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the loss of continuity of the basement membrane in OSCC using an antibody directed against laminin using advanced polymer staining system. A total of 30 cases of OSCC: 10 cases of well differentiated squamous cell carcinom (WDSCC), 10 cases of moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (MDSCC), and 10 cases of poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (PDSCC) were subjected to heat-induced antigen retrieval method using ethylene-di-amine-tetraacetic acid buffer in a microwave oven. Then the sections were stained with anti-laminin polyclonal antibody and visualized using super sensitive polymer horseradish peroxidase detection system. In each case, the integrity of the basement membrane laminin was assessed by using statistical analysis. Statistical analysis showed a decreased distribution of laminin from WDSCC to MDSCC to PDSCC (P value 0.0573). The intracytoplasmic staining of laminin gradually increased from WDSCC to MDSCC to PDSCC (P value 0.0198). WDSCC cases showed more laminin expression in basement membrane around the tumor islands and less loss of continuity compared to MDSCC and PDSCC cases suggesting a greater enzymatic degradation of basement membrane components in MDSCC and PDSCC than WDSCC. The loss of structural basement membrane laminin and the presence of laminin in the tumor cells of PDSCC cases suggest that laminin helps in tumor invasion. The expression of laminin in the basement membrane may be a useful parameter to evaluate tumor histologic differentiation and aggressiveness.Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology 05/2013; 17(2):185-9.