Meibomian gland phospholipids.
ABSTRACT The content of the meibomian gland lipid exprimate is known, but little is known about the phospholipids that comprise the glandular cells. The purpose of the present study is to identify and quantitate the phospholipid complement of the meibomian gland cells that produce the lipid secretion of meibomian oil and which is vital to tear film stability. Eyelids (n = 50) were excised from rabbits, and after surgical removal of surrounding tissues, the tarsal plates with and without expressing meibomian oil were extracted and phospholipids of the plates quantified by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Seventeen phospholipids were quantified from tarsal plates expressed of oil and tarsal plates containing meibomian oil: alkylacylphosphatidylcholine (AAPC), dihydrosphingomyelin (DHSM), dimethylphosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol (cardiolipin), ethanolamine plasmalogen (EPLAS), lysoethanolamine plasmalogen, lysophosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidylethanolamine, lysophosphatidylserine, phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine, sphingomyelin (SM), sphingosylphosphorylcholine. The six zwitterionic and neutral phospholipids, DHSM, EPLAS, PE, SM, AAPC, and PC together comprise 79.5% of the total meibomian gland phospholipid profile (in meibomian oil this value is 84.2%). The zwitterionic and neutral phospholipids dominate meibomian gland phospholipid profiles. Since the meibomian gland cells undergo holocrine secretion and form the meibomian glad secretion, such a composition is consistent with the hypothesis that a chemically stable lamellar surfactant layer phospholipids bind non-polar meibomian oil to the aqueous layer of the tear film.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Thomas Glonek, Jul 04, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Infrared and fluorescence spectroscopies were applied to characterize the molecular conformational/structure and dynamics of human meibum (ML) and tear lipids (SSL). ML lipids contained more CC and CH3 moieties than SSL. SSL contained OH groups that were not apparent in the spectra of ML. The CO stretching band observed in the infrared spectra of SSL and ML revealed that the CO groups are not involved in hydrogen bonds. Bands due to the polar moieties CO and PO2- did not change significantly with increasing temperature, suggesting that they may not play an appreciable thermodynamic role in the lipid hydrocarbon chain phase transition. Components in tears bind to SSL and exclude water at the water-lipid boundary where the polar headgroups of phospholipids are located. If similar interactions occur in vivo at the tear film lipid-aqueous interface, they would reduce the rate of evaporation. The results provide a foundation for future studies to assess possible differences with age and sex in tears from normal and dry eye subjects.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 07/2007; 147(2):87-102. DOI:10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2007.04.001 · 2.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The outer layer of the tear film--the lipid layer--has numerous functions. It is a composite monolayer composed of a polar phase with surfactant properties and a nonpolar phase. In order to achieve an effective lipid layer, the nonpolar phase, which retards water vapor transmission, is dependent on a properly structured polar phase. Additionally, this composite lipid layer must maintain its integrity during a blink. The phases of the lipid layer depend on both lipid type as well as fatty acid and alcohol composition for functionality. Surprisingly, the importance of the composition of the aqueous layer of the tear film in proper structuring of the lipid layer has not been recognized. Finally, lipid layer abnormalities and their relationship to ocular disease are beginning to be clarified.Bioscience Reports 09/2001; 21(4):407-18. DOI:10.1023/A:1017987608937 · 2.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Thesis (M. Sc.)--University of Waterloo, 2004. Includes bibliographical references.