Article

Cytokine balance and immunosuppressive changes at cardiac surgery.

BJA British Journal of Anaesthesia (Impact Factor: 4.35). 08/1996; 77(1):129-30. DOI: 10.1093/bja/77.1.129
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    ABSTRACT: Cells spontaneously secreting immunoglobulins can be seen in the blood one week after open-heart surgery. The purpose of this study was to measure the antibody specificities of activated cells. Immune responses were studied preoperatively and on the seventh postoperative day in 18 patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery. The number of cells secreting adenovirus, measles, rubella and tetanus antigen specific antibodies spontaneously and induced by pokeweed mitogen PWM (ASCs) as well as the total number of cells secreting IgG, IgM and IgA (ISCs) were studied using an enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay. Spontaneous as well as phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)- and pokeweed mitogen (PWM)-induced lymphocyte proliferation was also measured. The number of cells spontaneously secreting IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies was increased on the seventh day after coronary bypass surgery, against adenovirus, measles, rubella and tetanus as well as the total number of cells secreting immunoglobulins IgG, IgM and IgA (P < 0.05/0.001). By contrast, only slight fluctuation was seen in the numbers of cells secreting antibodies after PWM stimulation. Spontaneous lymphocyte proliferation was also increased, PHA proliferative responses were depressed and PWM responses were not changed on the seventh postoperative day compared with preoperative values. Coronary artery bypass surgery caused marked polyclonal B cell activation demonstrated by an increase of cells producing spontaneously antibodies against virus antigens and tetanus toxoid. This activation could not be intensified by PWM stimulation.
    Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 07/1997; 44(6):617-22. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. The use of inflammatory markers to follow up critically ill patients is controversial. The short time frame, the need for frequent and serial measurement of biomarkers, the presence of soluble receptor and their relatively high cost are the major drawbacks. Our study's objective is to compare the prognostic values of serum TNF- α and SOFA score monitoring in critically ill patients. Patients and Methods. A total of ninety patients were included in the study. Forty-five patients developed septic complication (sepsis group). Forty-five patients were critically ill without evidence of infectious organism (SIRS group). Patients' data include clinical status, central venous pressure, and laboratory analysis were measured. A serum level of TNF- α and SOFA score were monitored. Results. Monitoring of TNF- α revealed significant elevation of TNF- α at 3rd and 5th days of ICU admission in both groups. Monitoring of SOFA score revealed significant elevation of SOFA scores in both groups throughout their ICU stay, particularly in nonsurvivors. Positive predictive ability of SOFA score was demonstrated in critically ill patients. Conclusion. Transient significant increase in serum levels of TNF- α were detected in septic patients. Persistent elevation of SOFA score was detected in nonsurvivor septic patients. SOFA score is an independent prognostic value in critically ill patients.
    BioMed research international. 01/2013; 2013:258029.

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