An FTIR spectroscopic study of calf-thymus DNA complexation with Al(III) and Ga(III) cations.
ABSTRACT The interaction of calf-thymus DNA with trivalent Al and Ga cations, in aqueous solution at pH = 6-7 with cation/DNA(P) (P = phosphate) molar ratios (r) 1/80, 1/40, 1/20, 1/10, 1/4 and 1/2 was characterized by Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) difference spectroscopy. Spectroscopic results show the formation of several types of cation-DNA complexes. At low metal ion concentration (r = 1/80, 1/40), both cations bind mainly to the backbone PO2 group and the guanine N-7 site of the G-C base pairs (chelation). Evidence for cation chelate formation comes from major shifting and intensity increase of the phosphate antisymmetric stretch at 1222 cm-1 and the mainly guanine band at 1717 cm-1. The perturbations of A-T base pairs occur at high cation concentration with major helix destabilization. Evidence for cation binding to A-T bases comes from major spectral changes of the bands at 1663 and 1609 cm-1 related mainly to the thymine and adenine in-plane vibrations. A major reduction of the B-DNA structure occurs in favor of A-DNA upon trivalent cation coordination.
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ABSTRACT: The interaction of Mg2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, and Cd2+ with calf thymus DNA has been investigated by Raman spectroscopy. These spectra reveal that all of these ions, and particularly Zn2+, bind to phosphate groups of DNA, causing a slight structural change in the polynucleotide at very small metal: DNA (P) concentration ratio (ca. 1:30). This results in increased base-stacking interactions, with negligible change of the B conformation of DNA. Contrary to Zn2+ and Cd2+, which interact extensively with the nucleic bases (particularly at the N7 position of guanine), the alkaline-earth metal ions are bound almost exclusively to the phosphate groups. The affinity of both the Zn2+ and Cd2+ ions for G.C base pairs is comparable, but the Cd2+ ions interact more extensively with A.T pairs than Zn2+ ions. Interstrand cross-linking through the N3 atom of cytosine is suggested in the presence of Zn2+, but not Cd2+.Biopolymers 02/1990; 30(7-8):743-52. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In an accompanying paper we reported the use of differential scanning calorimetry and optical densitometry to characterize the melting and aggregation of 160 bp fragments of calf thymus DNA during heating in the presence of divalent metal cations. Aggregation is observed as thermal denaturation begins and becomes more extensive with increasing temperature until the melting temperature Tm is reached, after which the aggregates dissolve extensively. The order of effectiveness of the metals in inducing aggregation is generally consistent with their ability to induce melting: Cd > Ni > Co > Mn approximately Ca > Mg. Under our experimental conditions (50 mg/ml DNA, 100 mM MCl2, [metal]/[DNA phosphate] approximately 0.6), no measurable aggregates were observed for BaDNA or SrDNA. In this paper we show that the Shibata-Schurr theory of aggregation in the thermal denaturation region provides a good model for our observations. Free energies of cross-linking, induced by the divalent cations, are estimated to be between 34% and 38% of the free energies of base stacking. The ability of a divalent metal cation to induce DNA aggregation can be attributed to its ability to disrupt DNA base pairing and simultaneously to link two different DNA sites.Biophysical Journal 12/1995; 69(6):2642-8. · 3.67 Impact Factor
- Biopolymers 03/1975; 14(2):247-64. · 2.88 Impact Factor