An FTIR spectroscopic study of calf-thymus DNA complexation with Al(III) and Ga(III) cations.

Departement Chimie-Biologie, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Canada.
Journal of biomolecular Structure & Dynamics (Impact Factor: 2.98). 05/1996; 13(5):795-802. DOI: 10.1080/07391102.1996.10508892
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The interaction of calf-thymus DNA with trivalent Al and Ga cations, in aqueous solution at pH = 6-7 with cation/DNA(P) (P = phosphate) molar ratios (r) 1/80, 1/40, 1/20, 1/10, 1/4 and 1/2 was characterized by Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) difference spectroscopy. Spectroscopic results show the formation of several types of cation-DNA complexes. At low metal ion concentration (r = 1/80, 1/40), both cations bind mainly to the backbone PO2 group and the guanine N-7 site of the G-C base pairs (chelation). Evidence for cation chelate formation comes from major shifting and intensity increase of the phosphate antisymmetric stretch at 1222 cm-1 and the mainly guanine band at 1717 cm-1. The perturbations of A-T base pairs occur at high cation concentration with major helix destabilization. Evidence for cation binding to A-T bases comes from major spectral changes of the bands at 1663 and 1609 cm-1 related mainly to the thymine and adenine in-plane vibrations. A major reduction of the B-DNA structure occurs in favor of A-DNA upon trivalent cation coordination.

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