Detection of parvovirus B19 DNA in bone marrow cells by chemiluminescence in situ hybridization.

Institute of Microbiology, University of Bologna, Italy.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.99). 06/1996; 34(5):1313-6.
Source: PubMed


A chemiluminescence in situ hybridization method was developed for the search of B19 parvovirus DNA in bone marrow cells, employing digoxigenin-labeled B19 DNA probes, immunoenzymatically detected with a highly sensitive 1,2-dioxetane phosphate as chemiluminescent substrate. The light emitted from the in situ-hybridized probe was analyzed and measured by a high-performance luminograph connected to an optical microscope and to a personal computer for the quantification of the photon fluxes from the single cells and for image analysis. The chemiluminescence in situ hybridization was applied to bone marrow cell smears of patients with aplastic crisis or hypoplastic anemia, who had been previously tested by in situ hybridization with colorimetric detection, dot blot hybridization, and nested PCR. The chemiluminescent assay provided an objective estimation of the data, proved specific, and showed an increased sensitivity in detecting B19 DNA compared with in situ hybridization with colorimetric detection.

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Available from: Aldo Roda, Oct 14, 2015
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    • "Parvovirus B19 is one of the most prevalent viral infections which may have etiological role in transient bone marrow suppression [19]. The parvovirus B19 infection may lead to transient anemia and reticulocytopenia, as well as neutropenia and thrombocytopenia in hematological healthy population [17, 20, 21]. Earlier studies present a strong association (86%) between transient aplastic crisis with recent parvovirus B19 infections [22]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Transient bone marrow suppression, characterized by acute inability of the bone marrow to produce circulating blood cells, may strongly relate to the pathogenesis of some viral infections. Objective: To study the prevalence of some DNA and RNA viruses in patients with transient bone marrow suppression. Methods: EDTA-treated blood samples were collected from 27 patients with clinically- and laboratory-confirmed transient bone marrow suppression. The genomic DNA of hepatitis B virus, adenovirus, polyomavirus BK, and parvovirus B19, and genomic RNA of hepatitis C and G viruses were extracted and amplified by sensitive and specific in-house simple and nested PCR and RT-PCR protocols, respectively. The risk factors that might be related to the studied viral infections were analyzed. Results: Hepatitis B virus infection was diagnosed in 9 (33%) of 27 patients; adenovirus infection in 2 (7%); and parvovirus B19 infection in 7 (26%) of 27 patients. The genomic DNA of polyomovirus BK was not detected in any patients. Both hepatitis C and G viruses were found in 3 (11%) of 27 patients. Conclusion: Diagnosis of the high prevalence of hepatitis B virus, and parvovirus B19 in patients with transient bone marrow suppression, reflects the importance of these viral infections in introducing bone marrow suppression. This hypothesis should be confirmed in further studies.
    International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine 05/2013; 4(2):87-94.
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    ABSTRACT: Parvovirus B19 can be transmitted transplacentally from the infected mother to the fetus during pregnancy, and hydrops fetalis, abortion, or stillbirth can result. In our study we explored the use of chemiluminescence in situ hybridization to detect B19 DNA on cord blood cells, amniotic fluid cells, and pleuric fluid cells from several cases of hydrops fetalis. B19 DNA was detected by using digoxigenin-labeled probes immunoenzymatically visualized with the chemiluminescent adamantil-1,2-dioxetane phenyl phosphate substrate for alkaline phosphatase. The luminescent signal emitted from the hybridized probes was detected, analyzed, and measured with a high-performance, low-light-level imaging luminograph connected to an optical microscope and to a personal computer for the quantification and localization of the chemiluminescent emission inside individual cells.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 08/1999; 37(7):2326-9. · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A highly sensitive dot-blot hybridisation assay for the routine screening of numerous samples is described, using parvovirus B19 as a model. Digoxigenin-labelled B19 DNA probe was constructed by PCR, hybrids were detected by an anti-digoxigenin monoclonal antibody followed by a second step, using anti-mouse antibodies conjugated to an alkaline phosphatase-dextran complex (EnVision, Dako) was carried out. The sensitivity of the assay was evaluated using both colourimetric and chemiluminescent substrates for the alkaline phosphatase and was compared with a dot-blot hybridisation assay using the digoxigenin-labelled probe and a standard detection system. With the colourimetric substrate, the EnVision system was able to detect 10 fg of B19 DNA, while with the chemiluminescent substrate the sensitivity increased by up to 2 fg (6 x 10(2) genome copies). This detection system was shown to increase the sensitivity of the assay compared to the standard colourimetric visualisation for the digoxigenin-labelled probe, which could detect 0.1 pg. On account of its sensitivity and specificity the dot-blot hybridisation assay together with the chemiluminescent substrate for the EnVision detection system was used to analyse 760 serum samples; the same sera were tested for B19 DNA with the standard colourimetric visualisation for the digoxigenin-labelled probe used routinely in the diagnostic laboratory.
    Journal of Virological Methods 05/2001; 93(1-2):137-44. DOI:10.1016/S0166-0934(01)00265-8 · 1.78 Impact Factor
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