Ectodermal dysplasia, Rapp-Hodgkin type in a mother and severe ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft syndrome (EEC) in her child

Department of Pathology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium.
American Journal of Medical Genetics (Impact Factor: 3.23). 06/1996; 63(3):479-81. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19960614)63:3<479::AID-AJMG12>3.0.CO;2-J
Source: PubMed


We describe a mother with manifestations most consistent with the Rapp-Hodgkin type of ectodermal dysplasia and her malformed newborn son with ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft palate, and bilateral cystic and obstructive ureteroceles with hydroureters and cystic renal dysplasia as described in the EEC syndrome. This observation suggests that the Rapp-Hodgkin type of ectodermal dysplasia and EEC syndrome, both defined as autosomal dominant conditions with variable expression, may be manifestations of the same mutated gene. We also want to emphasize that urogenital anomaly is another hallmark of the EEC syndrome.

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    ABSTRACT: We report on a boy with Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome (RHS) or Rapp-Hodgkin ectodermal dysplasia. He had sparse, wiry, slow growing and uncombable hair, but no pili torti or pili canaliculi characteristic of RHS. He also had sparse eyelashes and eyebrows, and obstructed lacrimal puncta and epiphora. Bilateral bony external auditory canal stenosis led to hearing loss. The mouth was small with repaired bilateral cleft lip and palate. Oral manifestations included hypodontia, microdontia, unerupted mandibular premolars with well formed roots, large dental pulp spaces, enamel hypoplasia, multiple caries, glossy tongue, and congenital absence of lingual frenum and of sublingual caruncles including submandibular and sublingual salivary duct openings. Palmo-plantar keratoderma, unerupted premolars, congenital absence of lingual frenum, sublingual caruncles, glossy tongue, and pili canaliculi seen in the patient are newly recognized findings of this syndrome. Overlapping findings of RHS ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome (EEC), and ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip and palate syndrome (AEC) are discussed.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics 11/1998; 79(5):343-6. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19981012)79:5<343::AID-AJMG3>3.0.CO;2-K · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several clinical disorders combine ectodermal dysplasia (ED) and cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). These conditions have been recognized as a group of diseases with a narrow phenotypic spectrum and multiple points of overlap. We report a patient with a clinical diagnosis of AEC syndrome (ankyloblepharon, ectodermal defects, and CL/P) who additionally has some features observed in a different ED-CL/P disorder, Bowen-Armstrong syndrome. Because of this clinical overlap, we suggest that AEC syndrome and Bowen-Armstrong syndrome may be variable manifestations of the same pathologic entity.
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    ABSTRACT: The ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) are a large and complex nosologic group of diseases; more than 170 different pathologic clinical conditions have been identified. Despite the great number of EDs described so far, few causative genes have been identified. We review EDs in the light of the most recent molecular findings and propose a new classification of EDs integrating both molecular-genetic data and corresponding clinical findings of related diseases.
    Clinical Genetics 01/2001; 58(6):415-30. DOI:10.1034/j.1399-0004.2000.580601.x · 3.93 Impact Factor
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