Repetition priming for newly formed and preexisting associations: perceptual and conceptual influences.
ABSTRACT Three experiments demonstrate that association-specific repetition effects can be obtained for both newly formed and preexisting associations and that these effects are sensitive to modality of presentation. After studying a list of word pairs, participants were shown the original intact pairs and pairs formed by recombining the original pairs. In a lexical-decision task in which participants were asked to indicate whether both items were words, responses were faster to newly formed associations in the intact than in the recombined condition. This association-specific repetition priming effect was also observed for preexisting associations when a speeded relatedness judgment task was used. Both effects were found to be attenuated under cross-modal presentation. Finally, an explicit speeded recognition task revealed an associative effect that was not attenuated when modality was crossed for newly formed associations and was actually exaggerated for preexisting associations, suggesting that the repetition priming effects were not produced by conscious recollection. Results are discussed in terms of frameworks that are based either on perceptual representation systems or on a transfer-appropriate processing model.
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ABSTRACT: In a lexical decision task, faster reaction times (RTs) for old than new items is taken as evidence for an implicit memory involvement in this task. In contrast, the present study shows the involvement of both implicit and explicit memory in repetition priming. We propose a dual route model, in which lexical decisions can be made using one of two parallel processing routes: a lexical route, in which the lexical properties of the stimulus are used to determine whether it is a word or not, and a strategic route that builds on the inherent correlation between "wordness" and "oldness" in the experiment. Eliminating the strategic route by removing this correlation diminishes the priming effect at the slow end of the RT distribution, but not at the fast end. This dissociation is interpreted as evidence for the involvement of both implicit and explicit memory in repetition priming.Memory 11/2012; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In four experiments, the authors investigated whether two measures of associative recognition memory (associative identification and associative reinstatement) are dissociable from one-another on the basis of their reliance on strategic retrieval and are dissociable from item recognition memory. Experiment 1 showed that deep encoding of relational information, but not of individual items, increased both types of associative memory significantly, as indexed by both measures, while it only marginally increased item memory. Experiments 2–4 showed that a short response deadline, a speeded recognition and an overlapping pairing condition interfered with associative identification, but left associative reinstatement unaffected. Associative reinstatement provides a measure of associative memory, but unlike associative identification, it is less reliant on strategic retrieval processes. We propose that associative familiarity underlies this measure. This process may index binding of information at encoding without involving the vivid, conscious re-experiencing characteristic of recollection at retrieval.Journal of Memory and Language - J MEM LANG. 01/2007; 57(3):437-454.
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ABSTRACT: This paper reviews research relevant to the question of whether words are identified through the use of abstract lexical representations, specific episodic representations, or both. Several lines of evidence indicate that specific episodes participate in word identification. First, pure abstractionist theories can explain short-term but not long-term repetition priming. Second, long-term repetition priming is sensitive to changes in surface features or episodic context between presentations of a word. Finally, long-term priming for pseudowords is also difficult for pure abstractionist theories to explain. Alternative approaches to word identification are discussed, including both pure episodic theories and theories in which both episodes and abstract representations play a role.Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 09/1995; 2(3):339-63. · 2.99 Impact Factor