Energy comparison between trot, bound, and gallop using a simple model.
ABSTRACT In this paper, the dynamics of quadruped trot, gallop, and bound will be examined using a simple model for the quadruped. The body of the quadruped is modeled as a uniform bar and the legs are modeled by massless springs. It will be shown that symmetry can be used to study the locomotion of this system. Using symmetry, a technique will be developed to obtain periodic solutions for each of the gaits of the quadruped model. These periodic solutions will be computed at various speeds. The energy levels will be compared for each of the gaits. The exchange of energy between its different forms will be shown for different gaits. It will be shown that even without body flexibility, there are significant savings in energy due to gait transition from trot to gallop. The energy levels will be used to predict the trot-gallop transition speed. These results will be compared with the experimental results for horses and dogs.
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ABSTRACT: An improvement of the computer technology caused the progress in building of the developed machines, indispensable in some works which are too dangerous or onerous for humans. The article deals with prototyping problems in constructing autonomous walking machines including design problems, evaluation of required motor power, evaluation of expecting walking velocity as well as the control system design considerations etc., presenting themselves as key factors which must be taken into account while walking robots prototyping.Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Technical Sciences 01/2010; 58(3). · 1.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There are many types of walking robots in the world. For dynamic walking of the robots it is necessary to keep its dynamic stability. The dynamic stability is influenced by the position of ZMP (zero moment point). In this paper we study the control of the ZMP position of walking robot. For experiment we developed a quadruped robot and analyzed the dynamic stability of the robot. Developed robot has 2 joints at each leg and WBO (weight balancing oscillator) on the body of the robot. The WBO is designed to move linearly from side to side when the robot walks dynamically. Walking test was performed to verify the validity of the proposed methods. Especially we showed that the dynamic stability of the robot can be improved without sacrifice of the walking speed by control the WBO.Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering. 01/2005; 22(6).
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ABSTRACT: Patients with osteoarthritis (OA) primarily seek treatment due to pain and disability, yet the primary endpoints for rodent OA models tend to be histological measures of joint destruction. The discrepancy between clinical and preclinical evaluations is problematic, given that radiographic evidence of OA in humans does not always correlate to the severity of patient-reported symptoms. Recent advances in behavioral analyses have provided new methods to evaluate disease sequelae in rodents. Of particular relevance to rodent OA models are methods to assess rodent gait. While obvious differences exist between quadrupedal and bipedal gait sequences, the gait abnormalities seen in humans and in rodent OA models reflect similar compensatory behaviors that protect an injured limb from loading. The purpose of this review is to describe these compensations and current methods used to assess rodent gait characteristics, while detailing important considerations for the selection of gait analysis methods in rodent OA models.Current Pain and Headache Reports 10/2014; 18(10):456. · 2.26 Impact Factor