Energy comparison between trot, bound, and gallop using a simple model.

Power Systems Research Dept., General Motors R&D Center, Warren, Ml 48090, USA.
Journal of Biomechanical Engineering (Impact Factor: 1.75). 12/1995; 117(4):466-73. DOI: 10.1115/1.2794209
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this paper, the dynamics of quadruped trot, gallop, and bound will be examined using a simple model for the quadruped. The body of the quadruped is modeled as a uniform bar and the legs are modeled by massless springs. It will be shown that symmetry can be used to study the locomotion of this system. Using symmetry, a technique will be developed to obtain periodic solutions for each of the gaits of the quadruped model. These periodic solutions will be computed at various speeds. The energy levels will be compared for each of the gaits. The exchange of energy between its different forms will be shown for different gaits. It will be shown that even without body flexibility, there are significant savings in energy due to gait transition from trot to gallop. The energy levels will be used to predict the trot-gallop transition speed. These results will be compared with the experimental results for horses and dogs.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An improvement of the computer technology caused the progress in building of the developed machines, indispensable in some works which are too dangerous or onerous for humans. The article deals with prototyping problems in constructing autonomous walking machines including design problems, evaluation of required motor power, evaluation of expecting walking velocity as well as the control system design considerations etc., presenting themselves as key factors which must be taken into account while walking robots prototyping.
    Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Technical Sciences 01/2010; 58(3). · 1.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There are many types of walking robots in the world. For dynamic walking of the robots it is necessary to keep its dynamic stability. The dynamic stability is influenced by the position of ZMP (zero moment point). In this paper we study the control of the ZMP position of walking robot. For experiment we developed a quadruped robot and analyzed the dynamic stability of the robot. Developed robot has 2 joints at each leg and WBO (weight balancing oscillator) on the body of the robot. The WBO is designed to move linearly from side to side when the robot walks dynamically. Walking test was performed to verify the validity of the proposed methods. Especially we showed that the dynamic stability of the robot can be improved without sacrifice of the walking speed by control the WBO.
    Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering. 01/2005; 22(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new versatile hydraulically powered quadruped robot (HyQ) has been developed to serve as a platform to study not only highly dynamic motions, such as running and jumping, but also careful navigation over very rough terrain. HyQ stands 1m tall, weighs roughly 90 kg, and features 12 torque-controlled joints powered by a combination of hydraulic and electric actuators. The hydraulic actuation permits the robot to perform powerful and dynamic motions that are hard to achieve with more traditional electrically actuated robots. This paper describes design and specifications of the robot and presents details on the hardware of the quadruped platform, such as the mechanical design of the four articulated legs and of the torso frame, and the configuration of the hydraulic power system. Results from the first walking experiments are presented, along with test studies using a previously built prototype leg. © Authors 2011.
    Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering. 08/2011; 225(6):831-849.