Energy comparison between trot, bound, and gallop using a simple model.
ABSTRACT In this paper, the dynamics of quadruped trot, gallop, and bound will be examined using a simple model for the quadruped. The body of the quadruped is modeled as a uniform bar and the legs are modeled by massless springs. It will be shown that symmetry can be used to study the locomotion of this system. Using symmetry, a technique will be developed to obtain periodic solutions for each of the gaits of the quadruped model. These periodic solutions will be computed at various speeds. The energy levels will be compared for each of the gaits. The exchange of energy between its different forms will be shown for different gaits. It will be shown that even without body flexibility, there are significant savings in energy due to gait transition from trot to gallop. The energy levels will be used to predict the trot-gallop transition speed. These results will be compared with the experimental results for horses and dogs.
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ABSTRACT: There are many types of walking robots in the world. For dynamic walking of the robots it is necessary to keep its dynamic stability. The dynamic stability is influenced by the position of ZMP (zero moment point). In this paper we study the control of the ZMP position of walking robot. For experiment we developed a quadruped robot and analyzed the dynamic stability of the robot. Developed robot has 2 joints at each leg and WBO (weight balancing oscillator) on the body of the robot. The WBO is designed to move linearly from side to side when the robot walks dynamically. Walking test was performed to verify the validity of the proposed methods. Especially we showed that the dynamic stability of the robot can be improved without sacrifice of the walking speed by control the WBO.Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering. 01/2005; 22(6).
- Journal of Mechanical Design - J MECH DESIGN. 01/2004; 126(6).
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ABSTRACT: Symmetrical passive running of a simple spring model is commonly used to predict the locomotion of real animals and develop the design strategies for legged systems. If the initial conditions for running can be found automatically, we can expand the ranges of the model parameters freely. To achieve this objective, we derive an efficient searching procedure based on analysis of the symmetries. Using this process, the desired initial states of the passive running are obtained. Existence of the results reveals that the leg symmetries can be used to generate the symmetrical running. Moreover, the leg forces are associated with the running pattern, implying that we should choose suitable motion for the given model characteristics.Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science) 12/2011;