Naming norms for brief environmental sounds: Effects of age and dementia

Cognitive Electrophysiology Laboratory, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA.
Psychophysiology (Impact Factor: 3.18). 08/1996; 33(4):462-75. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1996.tb01072.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Brief nontonal sounds are used in electrophysiology in the novelty oddball paradigm. These sounds vary in the brain activity they elicit and in the degree to which they can be identified, named, and remembered. Because ease of sound identification may influence sound processing, naming and conceptual norms were determined for 100 sounds for 77 young adults (Experiment 1). Naming ability decreases in normal and pathological aging. Therefore, norms were also derived for older adults (Experiment 2) and for probable Alzheimer's disease patients (Experiment 3). With respect to the young adults, perseverative naming behavior increased in these groups, and sound and picture naming performance were correlated. In Experiment 4, the sound-naming performance of children aged 5-6, 9-11, and 14-16 years was compared. Name and conceptual agreements improved with age, whereas perseverative behavior decreased. These normative data should be useful in guiding sound selection in future studies and help clarify the relationships between sound naming and other variables, including direct and indirect memory performance.

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    • "During each condition, participants in the novel complex sound group were probed with a set of 30 novel complex sounds (e.g., a door knock, a dog bark, a whistle) randomly selected from a larger collection obtained from the New York State Psychiatric Institute (Fabiani et al., 1996). Each participant in the repeated complex sound group was probed 30 times during each condition with a single randomly selected sound from the set presented to the novel complex sound group (e.g., a door knock or a dog bark or a whistle). "
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    ABSTRACT: We examined whether the utility of a recently developed auditory probe technique for indexing cognitive workload was dependent on the stimulus properties of the probes. EEG was recorded while participants played a videogame under various levels of cognitive workload. At each level of workload, participants were probed with one of four different types of auditory stimuli: novel complex, repeated complex, novel simple, or repeated simple sounds. Probe efficacy at indexing cognitive workload was assessed by determining which probes elicited ERP components that decreased monotonically as a function of workload. Results suggest complex auditory stimuli were significantly more effective in indexing cognitive workload than simple stimuli. The efficacy of complex stimuli was due to their ability to elicit a robust orienting response, indexed by the early P3a component of the ERP, which decreased monotonically as a function of cognitive workload. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    International journal of psychophysiology: official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology 12/2014; 95(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.12.008 · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    • "Environmental sound recognition has been studied in related disciplines to evaluate such things as awareness of, and tolerance for, sounds in the environment (Dawson et al, 2004; Thawin et al, 2006; Dockrell and Shield, 2004; Spaulding et al, 2008); pattern recognition in autistic children (van Lancker et al, 1988); and the development of left-versus right-ear dominance in children (Kraft et al, 1995; Kraft, 1982). Fabiani et al (1996) used an environmental-sounds naming paradigm to examine, among other things, the effects of developing and aging cognition. Their experimental groups included typically developing children (ages 5–7, 9– 11, and 14–16 yr) as well as younger (ages 19–34 yr) and older adults (ages 61–88 yr). "
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    Journal of the American Academy of Audiology 10/2014; 25(9):834-47. DOI:10.3766/jaaa.25.9.6 · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    • "We used 8-bit unsigned mono versions of Neuroscan Sound Conversion Notes (Fabiani et al., 1996), which are natural auditory sounds. Forty natural sounds were randomly selected from a natural sound pool of 100 environmental sounds (Fabiani et al., 1996; Miller et al., 2011). The sounds were presented to each participant with random intervals between 6 and 20 s from two channel stereo speakers next to a 23-in LCD monitor, which was placed 60 cm away from the participants. "
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