Hydrodynamics of ageing Bruch's membrane: Implications for macular disease

Department of Ophthalmology, United Medical and Dental School, Guy's Hospital, London, U.K.
Experimental Eye Research (Impact Factor: 3.02). 06/1996; 62(5):565-72. DOI: 10.1006/exer.1996.0066
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The hydrodynamic properties of isolated human Bruch's membrane and choroid were investigated as a function of age and retinal location. Macular and peripheral regions of the fundus showed an exponential decline of hydraulic conductivity with half-lives of 15 and 22 years respectively. Comparison of age profiles for hydraulic conductivity and lipid deposits suggests the involvement of two discrete processes for reduction in transport capability. The first appears to involve 'membrane remodelling' with a programmed decay rate leading to a major reduction in hydraulic conductivity by the fifth decade of life. The second commences in the fourth decade and is apparently dependent on the lipid content of Bruch's membrane.

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    Dataset: SCOTOPIC
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    Dataset: 671529 (2)
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Recent clinical studies have shown that, in some degenerative retinal diseases, like age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the sensitivity of the rods decreases more rapidly than the sensitivity of the cones. The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is a correlation between the presence of hard drusen at the macular level and the rod damage responsible for the reduction in scotopic retinal sensitivity in subjects at risk for AMD. Methods. The authors selected 24 subjects (14 men and 10 women) with an average age of 67.25 ± 5.7 years. Macular hard drusen were present in 50% of the subjects at the fundus oculi exam.The researchers evaluated the retinal sensitivity to light in mesopic and scotopic conditions of each subject with an MP-1 scotopic microperimeter (MP-1S). Results. In subjects with hard drusen in the fundus oculi examination, there was a statistically significant reduction in scotopic retinal sensitivity, while the mesopic retinal sensitivity was not compromised. Conclusion. This study revealed how the presence of hard drusen at the macular level is associated with a reduction in scotopic retinal sensitivity compared to a control group of healthy subjects. Retinal functionality in a scotopic setting examined with MP-1S could be useful in early diagnosis of AMD.
    BioMed Research International 12/2014; 2014(671529):1-7. DOI:10.1155/2014/671529 · 2.71 Impact Factor