Cytotoxicity of sera from rats with puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis.
ABSTRACT Administration of puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) to rats induces acute nephrosis with hyperlipidemia, and, in some experimental conditions, it results in chronic focal glomerulosclerosis. In this study, we examined the cytotoxicity of serum from rats with PAN-induced nephrosis, since hypercholesterolemia is considered to cause injury to vascular walls in atherosclerosis, the mechanism of which is analogous to that of glomerulosclerosis. About half of the tested sera from nephrotic rats (9 out of 17) were cytotoxic to cultured aortic endothelial cells. The toxic substance(s) was heat-stable and was extracted in the lipid fraction. Serum levels of triglyceride and cholesterol were markedly higher in the group of rats with cytotoxic serum than in the group with noncytotoxic serum. No cytotoxicity was associated with sera from control rats or the corresponding lipid fractions. Cytotoxic sera were also effective against cultured glomerular epithelial and mesangial cells. These results indicate that cytotoxic lipid is produced in rats with PAN nephrosis and the results raise the possibility that the cytotoxic lipid in nephrotic serum might contribute to lipid-mediated glomerular injury which may induce glomerulosclerosis at a subsequent stage.
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ABSTRACT: Lymphotactin (LTN) is the sole member of C chemokine, the third subfamily of chemokines. LTN has been shown to be a chemoattractant specific for CD8+ cells and/or natural killer (NK) cells, and to be produced by CD8+ T cells, NK cells, and mast cells. However, there have been no reports describing its expression in clinical or experimental models of diseases so far. Since glomerular infiltration of CD8+ cells is prominent in an animal model of crescentic glomerulonephritis induced in WKY rats by an injection of anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody, we investigated the gene expression of LTN in this model. LTN mRNA was not detected in normal glomeruli but was detected at 0.5 h after the antibody injection, which detection preceded the infiltration of CD8+ cells. The expression of LTN mRNA peaked on day 3 and decreased thereafter. We next studied the expression of LTN mRNA in cultured glomerular and vascular cells, and found that glomerular mesangial and vascular endothelial cells could express LTN mRNA when stimulated with IL-1beta. These results indicate that the gene expression of LTN is enhanced in the animal model of glomerulonephritis and that intrinsic renal cells are the potential source of the gene expression of LTN in the kidney.Clinical & Experimental Immunology 09/1998; 113(2):265-8. · 3.36 Impact Factor