Distribution, biomagnification, and elimination of butyltin compound residues in common cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) from Lake Biwa, Japan.
ABSTRACT Concentrations of butyltin compounds (BTs) were determined in various body tissues of common cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) collected from the Lake Biwa, Japan. Elevated concentrations of butyltins were detected in the feathers of cormorants. Among other organs and tissues, butyltin levels were also higher in the kidney (290+/-150 ng/g) and liver (270+/-260 ng/g), ranging from 115 to 544 ng/g and 142 to 1007 ng/g (wet wt basis), respectively. The accumulation of BTs in cormorant bodies was in the order of MBT>DBT>TBT and their organ specific burdens were in the order of muscle>/=feathers>skin>liver>rest of the tissues and organs. The higher levels of BTs residues in feather suggested the excretion of about one fourth of their body burden during a complete molting cycle, which has been a natural detoxification mechanism in these birds. Based on the whole body concentrations of BTs in cormorants (42-160 ng/g wet wt) and fish (10-55 ng/g wet wt) biomagnification factors were assessed to be in the range of 1.1-4.1. To our knowledge, this is the first fundamental study to substantially indicate the contamination and kinetics of BTs in wild birds.
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ABSTRACT: We document mercury distribution in tissues (kidney, liver, breast feathers and pectoral muscle) of water bird, the common coot (Fulica atra) from Kani Barazan wetlands in northwestern Iran. Bird samples were collected from November 2011 to January 2012, and mercury was assayed by using a Varian 220 atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Mean value of mercury in kidney, liver, breast feathers and pectoral muscle were 0.13, 0.22, 0.20 and 0.09 µg/g, respectively. The order of mercury concentrations in tissues of Fulica atra was as follows: liver > feather > kidney> pectoral muscle. The mercury level was significantly (P<0.05) different in all studied tissues of Fulica atra. Although mercury concentrations were higher in all females tissues as compared to males, the significant (P<0.05) differences were observed in muscle only.Chemistry and Ecology 02/2014; -(-):1-6. DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.885018 · 1.18 Impact Factor