Racial differences in a prostate cancer screening study.
ABSTRACT We attempted to determine whether black men have a higher prostate cancer prevalence and more advanced disease.
We screened 17,157 white and 804 black men 50 years old or older by serum prostate specific antigen measurement and digital rectal examination. We recommended biopsy when either test was suspicious.
Black men had a higher prevalence of elevated prostate specific antigen (13.1 versus 8.9%) and cancer (5.1 versus 3.2%) than white men, and a higher prevalence of clinically but not pathologically advanced cancer. Fewer black men in lower income zip codes complied with recommendations for biopsy.
In our screening study black men had a higher prevalence of detectable cancer. However, unlike in clinical studies there was no striking racial difference in advanced cancer stage at diagnosis.
- SourceAvailable from: Robin T VollmerAmerican Journal of Clinical Pathology 03/2006; 125(3):336-342. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Reasons for the high rates of prostate cancer in African Americans are unknown; both genetic and lifestyle factors have been implicated. A better understanding of prostate cancer rates in West Africans would help clarify why African Americans have such high rates, since African Americans share genetic ancestry with West Africans yet have very different lifestyles and screening practices. To estimate prostate cancer burden in West Africans, we conducted a population-based screening study with biopsy confirmation in Ghana. We randomly selected 1,037 healthy men aged 50-74 from Accra, Ghana for prostate cancer screening with prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing and digital rectal examination (DRE). Men who had a positive screen (DRE+ or PSA>2.5 ng/ml) underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsies. Of the 1,037 men, 154 (14.9%) had a positive DRE and 272 (26.2%) had a PSA>2.5 ng/ml (166 had a PSA>4.0 ng/ml). In total, 352 (33.9%) men had a positive screen by PSA or DRE, and 307 (87%) had a biopsy. Of these, 73 were confirmed to have prostate cancer, yielding a 7.0% screen-detected prevalence of prostate cancer (65 cases, 5.8% with a PSA>4.0 ng/ml). In this relatively unscreened population in Africa, the screen-detected prostate cancer prevalence is high, suggesting a possible role of genetics in both prostate cancer etiology and the disparity in prostate cancer risk between African Americans and Caucasian Americans. Further studies are needed to confirm the high prostate cancer burden in Africans and the role of genetics in prostate cancer etiology.The Journal of urology 04/2014; · 3.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequently diagnosed non-cutaneous cancer that has become the sixth leading cause of mortality in both the developed and developing countries. Accumulating evidence showed a number of genes with aberrant DNA methylation in the pathogenesis of PCa. Here, we conducted a systematic meta-analysis to evaluate the contribution of aberrantly methylated genes to the risk of PCa. Relevant methylation studies were retrieved from PubMed and Wanfang literature databases. In the meta-analysis, Mantel-Haenszel odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for each methylation event under appropriate models. A total of 594 publications were initially retrieved from PubMed and Wanfang literature database. After a three-step filtration, we harvested 39 case-control articles investigating the role of gene methylation in the prediction of PCa risk. Among the 31 genes involved, 24 genes were shown to be significantly hypermethylated in the PCa patients. Our meta-analyses identified strong associations of four aberrantly methylated genes (GSTP1, RASSF1, p16, and RARB) with PCa. Further research is needed to strengthen our findings in the future.Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine. 07/2014;