Upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms among female office workers: associations with video display terminal use and occupational psychosocial stressors.
ABSTRACT The relationships between musculoskeletal symptoms and both video display terminal (VDT) use and occupational psychosocial stress were assessed among women office workers by self-administered questionnaires. Significantly increased odds ratios for neck or shoulder symptoms were observed for subjects who had ever used a VDT, had less job security, and had more stressful work during the 2 weeks prior to completion of the questionnaire. Significantly increased odds ratios for arm and hand symptoms were observed for subjects who had used a VDT for more than 6 years, reported a very crowded workplace, or reported very stressful work during the 2 weeks prior to completion of the questionnaire. Among current non-users, those who previously used VDTs were more likely to report upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms than those who had never used VDTs. This suggests that individuals with symptoms may be more likely to reduce their VDT usage, distorting results of cross-sectional studies.
- SourceAvailable from: Kira C Taylor[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Common polymorphisms in the N-acetyltransferase-2 (NAT2) metabolic enzyme determine slow or rapid acetylator phenotypes. We investigated the effects of alcohol, smoking, and caffeine on fecundability, and determined whether the effects were modified by NAT2. Three NAT2 polymorphisms were genotyped in 319 women office workers participating in a prospective pregnancy study (1990-1994). Women were ages 20-41 and at risk for pregnancy. Discrete-time survival analysis was used to determine the effects of alcohol, smoking, and caffeine on fecundability and evaluate effect modification by NAT2. We followed 319 women (161 slow acetylators, 158 rapid) for an average of 8 menstrual cycles, resulting in 124 pregnancies. There was no effect of caffeine on fecundability. Drinking ≥1 alcoholic drink per day and current smoking were significantly associated with reduced fecundability, but only among slow acetylators (adjusted fecundability odds ratio [FOR] for smoking = 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.22-0.90; adjusted FOR for ≥1 drink per day = 0.20; 0.05-0.92). There was no effect among rapid acetylators. NAT2 status significantly modified the effects of alcohol and smoking on fecundability, emphasizing the importance of incorporating genetic and metabolic information in studies of reproductive health. Replication of this study is warranted.Annals of epidemiology 06/2011; 21(11):864-72. · 2.95 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An intervention study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of an innovative self-modeling photo-training method for reducing musculoskeletal risk among office workers using computers. Sixty workers were randomly assigned to either: 1) a control group; 2) an office training group that received personal, ergonomic training and workstation adjustments or 3) a photo-training group that received both office training and an automatic frequent-feedback system that displayed on the computer screen a photo of the worker's current sitting posture together with the correct posture photo taken earlier during office training. Musculoskeletal risk was evaluated using the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) method before, during and after the six weeks intervention. Both training methods provided effective short-term posture improvement; however, sustained improvement was only attained with the photo-training method. Both interventions had a greater effect on older workers and on workers suffering more musculoskeletal pain. The photo-training method had a greater positive effect on women than on men.Applied ergonomics 07/2011; 43(2):376-85. · 1.11 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: With computers rapidly carving a niche in virtually every nook and crevice of today's fast-paced society, musculoskeletal disorders are becoming more prevalent among computer users, which comprise a wide spectrum of the Malaysian population, including office workers. While extant literature depicts extensive research on musculoskeletal disorders in general, the five dimensions of psychosocial work factors (job demands, job contentment, job control, computer-related problems and social interaction) attributed to work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been neglected. This study examines the aforementioned elements in detail, pertaining to their relationship with musculoskeletal disorders, focusing in particular, on 120 office workers at Malaysian public sector organizations, whose jobs require intensive computer usage. Research was conducted between March and July 2009 in public service organizations in Malaysia. This study was conducted via a survey utilizing self-complete questionnaires and diary. The relationship between psychosocial work factors and musculoskeletal discomfort was ascertained through regression analyses, which revealed that some factors were more important than others were. The results indicate a significant relationship among psychosocial work factors and musculoskeletal discomfort among computer users. Several of these factors such as job control, computer-related problem and social interaction of psychosocial work factors are found to be more important than others in musculoskeletal discomfort. With computer usage on the rise among users, the prevalence of musculoskeletal discomfort could lead to unnecessary disabilities, hence, the vital need for greater attention to be given on this aspect in the work place, to alleviate to some extent, potential problems in future.Iranian Journal of Public Health 01/2011; 40(1):72-9. · 0.41 Impact Factor