Bone alkaline phosphatase isoenzyme in renal osteodystrophy.

Nephrology Service, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Seville, Spain.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.49). 01/1996; 11 Suppl 3:43-6. DOI: 10.1093/ndt/11.supp3.43
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Serum total alkaline phosphatase is the most commonly used biochemical marker of bone disease in renal patients, but alkaline phosphatase originates from different organs and sometimes lacks specificity. Bone isoenzyme measurement is considered superior to total alkaline phosphatase for the assessment of bone metabolism. We have studied the value of bone isoenzyme, determined by a new. IRMA (Tandem-R-Ostase), in haemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism and renal osteodystrophy. Fifty-six haemodialysis patients were studied. Intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), osteocalcin, total alkaline phosphatase and bone alkaline phosphatase were determined. A transiliac bone biopsy was performed in 20 of the 56 patients after double tetracycline labelling. There was a significant correlation between bone alkaline phosphatase and PTH (r = 0.79, P < 0.001) and between bone and total alkaline phosphatase (r = 0.84, P < 0.001) in all patients. The patients who underwent a bone biopsy showed osteitis fibrosa in 17, mixed lesion in one, adynamic bone disease in one and normal bone in one. Bone alkaline phosphatase showed a significant correlation with static and dynamic histomorphometric indices similar to that obtained with PTH and better than those of total alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin. It is concluded that bone alkaline phosphatase (ostase) seems to be a useful non-invasive marker of bone metabolism in patients on haemodialysis with high turnover bone disease. More studies are necessary to know its value in low turnover bone disease.

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    ABSTRACT: Assessing bone turnover is a key diagnostic tool in the global management of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). Since bone biopsy is invasive and cannot be repeated in clinical practice and because bone histomorphometry is less available due to the lack of specialized laboratories, we will focus on potential biomarkers used to assess and monitor bone turnover. After briefly reviewing the pathophysiology of bone turnover in CKD and haemodialysis patients, we will focus on the strengths and limitations of the now recommended biomarkers, i.e. parathormone and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase. We will consider the clinical and also the biological aspects of the topic and also insist on the use of these biomarkers for the monitoring, and the follow-up of the turnover in haemodialysis subjects. Finally, we will discuss some of the most promising, but still not recommended, emerging biomarkers.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 07/2013; DOI:10.1093/ndt/gft275 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    Chronic Kidney Disease, 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0171-0
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    ABSTRACT: Overall and cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is greatly increased, without obvious current effective treatments. Mineral and bone disorder (MBD) is a common manifestation of CKD and contributes to the high risk of fracture and cardiovascular mortality in these patients. Traditionally, clinical management of CKD-MBD focused on attenuation of secondary hyperparathyroidism due to impaired renal activation of vitamin D and phosphate retention, although recently, adynamic forms of renal bone disease have become more prevalent. Definitive diagnosis was based on histologic (histomorphometric) analysis of bone biopsy material supported by radiologic changes and changes in levels of surrogate laboratory markers. Of these various markers, parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been considered to be the most sensitive and currently is the most frequently used; however, the many pitfalls of measuring PTH in patients with CKD increasingly are appreciated. We propose an alternative or complementary approach using bone alkaline phosphatase (ALP), which is directly related to bone turnover, reflects bone histomorphometry, and predicts outcomes in hemodialysis patients. Here, we consider the overall merits of bone ALP as a marker of bone turnover in adults with CKD-MBD, examine published bone histomorphometric data comparing bone ALP to PTH, and discuss possible pathogenic mechanisms by which bone ALP may be linked to outcomes in patients with CKD.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 04/2013; 62(4). DOI:10.1053/j.ajkd.2013.02.366 · 5.76 Impact Factor

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