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D1 dopamine receptor-deficient mouse: Cocaine-induced regulation of immediate-early gene and substance P expression in the striatum

Laboratory of Mammalian Genes and Development, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 3.33). 11/1996; 74(3):813-23. DOI: 10.1016/0306-4522(96)00145-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Psychomotor stimulants such as cocaine alter gene expression in neurons of the striatum. Whereas many of these effects are mediated by D1 dopamine receptors, the involvement of other dopamine receptor subtypes or neurotransmitters is likely. To distinguish between these possibilities, regulation by cocaine of immediate-early genes and genes encoding neuropeptides was analysed in mice that lack functional D1 receptors. Gene expression was examined with in situ hybridization histochemistry. In these animals, cocaine failed to induce the immediate-early genes c-fos and zif 268. In contrast, substance P expression was abnormally increased by this drug. These results demonstrate that some of the effects of cocaine on gene regulation are mediated via D1 receptor-dependent mechanisms, as evidenced by the absence of immediate-early gene induction in D1-deficient mice, whereas others also involve additional, non-D1 receptor mechanisms, as shown for substance P expression.

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