Mood and the use of scripts: does a happy mood really lead to mindlessness?
ABSTRACT The authors tested whether happy moods increase, and sad moods decrease, reliance on general knowledge structures. Participants in happy, neutral, or sad moods listened to a "going-out-for-dinner" story. Happy participants made more intrusion errors in recognition than did sad participants, with neutral mood participants falling in between (Experiments 1 and 2). Happy participants outperformed sad ones when they performed a secondary task while listening to the story (Experiment 2), but only when the amount of script-inconsistent information was small (Experiment 3). This pattern of findings indicates higher reliance on general knowledge structures under happy rather than sad moods. It is incompatible with the assumption that happy moods decrease either cognitive capacity or processing motivation in general, which would predict impaired secondary-task performance.
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ABSTRACT: This paper examined how individual group status and happiness influence forgiveness. In Study 1, happiness was treated as a trait difference: highly happy people, compared with very unhappy people, were found to be more willing to forgive murderers. More important, an interaction effect between happiness and group status on forgiveness was found, that is, highly happy people tended to be more forgiving when either ingroup or outgroup members were killed; unhappy people, however, tended to be less forgiving about murder when ingroup rather than outgroup members were killed. In Study 2, happiness was treated as an emotional state difference: happiness, rather than sadness, was found to bring greater forgiveness. Moreover, consistent with the interaction effect displayed in Study 1, happy participants tended to forgive more when ingroup or outgroup members were hurt; sad participants tended to forgive less when ingroup members rather than outgroup members were hurt. Implications for connections between happiness, group membership, and forgiveness are discussed.Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 12/2014; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A system of reliability characteristics for implementations of measurement information technologies in monitoring of piecework, production processes and systems, diagnostics, and pattern recognition is proposed. Here measurement information technologies are treated as processes for the classification of objects.Measurement Techniques 03/2014; 56(12):1347-1353. · 0.19 Impact Factor
- Auditing A Journal of Practice & Theory 05/2013; 32(Supplement 1):167-207. · 0.96 Impact Factor