Experimental test of theoretical models for time-resolved reflectance
ABSTRACT Four different expressions, derived from the diffusion theory or the random walk model, were used to fit time-resolved reflectance data for the evaluation of tissue optical properties. The experimental reflectance curves were obtained from phantoms of known optical parameters (absorption and transport scattering coefficients) covering the range of typical values for biological tissues between 600 and 900 nm. The measurements were performed using an instrumentation for time-correlated single-photon counting. The potential of the four methods in the assessment of the absorption and transport scattering coefficients was evaluated in terms of absolute error, linearity error, and dispersion of data. Each method showed different performances depending on the optical properties of the sample and the experimental conditions. We propose some criteria for the optimal choice of the fitting method to be used in different applications.
- SourceAvailable from: Lionel Hervé
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- "= 12 cm−1 at 775 nm which are typical prostate optical parameters . The optical properties were controlled by a standard TCSPC techniques [17,18]. A cylindrical plastic tank (diameter 11 cm; height 8 cm) was filled with the phantom solution. "
ABSTRACT: Ultrasound imaging (US) of the prostate has a low specificity to distinguish tumors from the surrounding tissues. This limitation leads to systematic biopsies. Fluorescent diffuse optical imaging may represent an innovative approach to guide biopsies to tumors marked with high specificity contrast agents and therefore enable an early detection of prostate cancer. This article describes a time-resolved optical system embedded in a transrectal US probe, as well as the fluorescence reconstruction method and its performance. Optical measurements were performed using a pulsed laser, optical fibers and a time-resolved detection system. A novel fast reconstruction method was derived and used to locate a 45 µL ICG fluorescent inclusion at a concentration of 10 µM, in a liquid prostate phantom. Very high location accuracy (0.15 cm) was achieved after reconstruction, for different positions of the inclusion, in the three directions of space. The repeatability, tested with ten sequential measurements, was of the same order of magnitude. Influence of the input parameters (optical properties and lifetime) is presented. These results confirm the feasibility of using optical imaging for prostate guided biopsies.Biomedical Optics Express 01/2010; 2(1):194-206. DOI:10.1364/BOE.2.000194 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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- "The trailing flank is cut where the photon count drops below 1% of the peak count. Discussions on appropriate fit regions are found in Hielscher et al (1995) and Cubeddu et al (1996). The best fit is reached iteratively using a "
ABSTRACT: In recent years, extensive efforts have been made in developing near-infrared optical techniques to be used in detection and diagnosis of breast cancer. Variations in optical properties of normal breast tissue set limits to the performance of such techniques and must therefore be thoroughly examined. In this paper, we present intra- and intersubject as well as contralateral variations of optical and physiological properties in breast tissue as measured by using four-wavelength time-resolved spectroscopy (at 660, 786, 916 and 974 nm). In total, 36 volunteers were examined at five regions at each breast. Optical properties (absorption, mu(a), and reduced scattering, mu'(s)) are derived by employing diffusion theory. The use of four wavelengths enables determination of main tissue chromophores (haemoglobin, water and lipids) as well as haemoglobin oxygenation. Variations in all evaluated properties seen over the entire breast are approximately twice those for small-scale heterogeneity (millimetre scale). Intrasubject variations in optical properties are almost in all cases below 20% for mu'(s), and 40% for mu(a). Overall variations in water, lipid and haemoglobin concentrations are all in the order of 20%. Oxygenation is the least variable of the quantities evaluated, overall intrasubject variations being 6% on average. Extracted physiological properties confirm differences between pre- and post-menopausal breast tissue. Results do not indicate systematic differences between left and right breasts.Physics in Medicine and Biology 07/2005; 50(11):2559-71. DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/50/11/008 · 2.76 Impact Factor
- Department of Physics, Lund University, , Degree: PhD