Factors associated with gastric lesions in thoroughbred racehorses.
ABSTRACT Gastroscopic examinations were performed on 67 Thoroughbred horses in training at a race track and repeat examinations performed in 35 horses, 2 to 3 months later. Horses were age 2-9 years and included 16 two-year-olds, 32 three-year-olds and 19 horses > or = 4-years-old. Forty-two of the 67 horses had raced within the 2 months before the initial examination and the remaining 25 horses were in training. Sixty-two of the 67 horses (93%) had one or more lesions present in the gastric mucosa and lesions were present in all of the 42 horses that had raced. Thirty-two of the 35 horses, examined twice (91%), had gastric lesions on the first examination and all had lesions on the second examination. Four sites of the gastric squamous epithelium were graded for lesion severity on a scale of 0 to 10 and the mean maximum squamous mucosal lesion score was significantly (P < 0.01) greater for the second examination (4.89) than for the first examination (3.63). Maximum lesion scores were greater in 24 horses, no different in 5 horses and less in 6 horses on the second examination. The difference in mean maximum lesion scores between examinations was greatest in horses age 2 years, increasing from 1.75 to 4.00 (P = 0.014). Lesions in the gastric glandular mucosa also were scored on a scale of 0 to 10 and there was no difference in mean lesion scores in the glandular mucosa between the first and second examinations (1.89 vs. 1.90). Lesion scores were compared for gender, racing history and medication with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, systemic corticosteroid or ACTH, or frusemide within the previous 2 months. Except for racing history, there were no significant differences in mean lesion scores for squamous or glandular mucosa based on these comparisons, indicating that there was no effect of gender or medication history on ulcer severity in the horses of our study. Mean maximum gastric squamous mucosal lesion score was significantly (P < 0.01) greater in horses that had raced (4.51) than for horses that had not raced (2.36) in the 2 months before the endoscopic examination. There was no difference in mean glandular mucosal lesion scores between horses that had raced (1.93) compared to horses that had not raced (1.13).
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Gerald Fritz Schusser, Dec 30, 2013
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ABSTRACT: To assess the presence of Helicobacter DNA in the gastric mucosa Thoroughbred horses. Squamous and glandular mucosa samples were collected from 20 Thoroughbreds. None of these horses had shown any clinical symptoms of gastrointestinal disease. Necropsy tissues were analysed using histopathological techniques and a Helicobacter genus-specific PCR assay followed by sequencing of the amplicons. Seven horses were diagnosed with gastric ulceration, five with gastritis and six with both pathologies. Only two horses had a healthy gastric mucosa. Helicobacter-like DNA was detected in two out of seven horses with gastric ulcers, three out of five horses with gastritis, five out of six horses with both pathologies and one horse with normal gastric mucosa. The sequences of 1195 and 1237 bp fragments of the 16S rRNA gene shared 99% identity with the Helicobacter pylori 16S rRNA gene. However, all the samples were negative when tested with H. pylori-specific PCR assays targeting the cagA and glmM genes. The Helicobacter genus might colonize the gastric mucosa of horses. This is the first report of Helicobacter-like DNA in the gastric mucosa of horses and the pathogenic potential of these organisms requires further investigation.Letters in Applied Microbiology 12/2007; 45(5):553-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1472-765X.2007.02227.x · 1.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence, severity and risk factors associated with oesophageal and nonglandular gastric lesions in Thoroughbred racehorses in active training in Saskatoon. Mature Thoroughbred horses (n = 94), stabled at Marquis Downs racetrack in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, and trained by different trainers (n = 14) for a minimum of one month were included in the study. Horses were examined by gastroscopy and a lesion grade was assigned for each individual horse. Of the 94 horses, 79 (84%) had nonglandular gastric lesions, 70 (74.5%) had gastric ulcers, giving a prevalence of 74.5%, and 9 out of 94 horses (9.6%) had hyperkeratosis and/or hyperaemia. None of the horses had oesophageal lesions. Gender, age, number of races raced, place obtained in those races, history of lameness, history of medical conditions, and history of medications in a 2 month period prior to the gastroscopic examination were not statistically significant as potential risk factors for the prevalence and severity of nonglandular gastric lesions.05/2011; 23(5). DOI:10.1111/j.2042-3292.2010.00175.x
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ABSTRACT: Sled dogs performing endurance races have been reported to have a high incidence of gastric erosions or ulcerations and an increased risk of gastro intestinal bleeding leading to death in some cases. In addition, these dogs also become hypothyroid during training and exercise. Canine hypothyroidism has been shown to correlate with decreased von Willebrand factor antigen and potentially increased bleeding tendency. Whether increased gastro intestinal bleeding risk is exacerbated due to changes in the hemostatic balance in unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the hemostatic balance in sled dogs before and after exercise and in addition evaluate any correlation to thyroid status. Twenty sled dogs have been assessed in untrained and trained condition and immediately after exercise. The first sample was collected in the autumn following a resting period, and subsequently the dogs were exposed to increased intensity of training. After four months the peak of physical condition was reached and a 68 km long sled pulling exercise was performed. Samples were collected before and immediately after the exercise. Evaluated parameters were: plasma thromboelastographic (TEG) R, SP, alpha and MA, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor (vWf), D-dimer, platelet number, thyroid hormones, hematocrit and C-reactive protein (CRP). Exercise induced an overall hypercoaguable state characterized by significant decreases of TEG R and SP and an increase of alpha, increased concentrations of plasma vWf and decreased aPTT. In addition, a proinflammatory status was seen by a significant increase of serum CRP concentrations. Thyroid status was confirmed to be hypothyroid as training and exercise induced significant decrease of thyroxin (T4), free thyroxin (fT4) and thyroxin stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations. Fibrinogen decreased significantly and PT increased. The training-induced changes showed correlation between T4, fT4 and aPTT and correlation between TSH and fibrinogen. Exercise-induced changes showed correlation between T4 and PT. Exercise was associated with a hypercoaguable state and an increase of vWf concentration in this group of sled dogs. Decreased thyroid hormone concentrations after training and exercise were confirmed, but were associated with increased and not decreased vWf in this group of sled dogs.Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 02/2014; 56(1):11. DOI:10.1186/1751-0147-56-11 · 1.00 Impact Factor