Safety of spinal and epidural anesthesia in parturients with chorioamnionitis.
ABSTRACT The safety of spinal and epidural anesthesia in patients with chorioamnionitis was explored.
A retrospective study was made of the charts of 517 parturients who had received epidural anesthesia and 14 who had received spinal anesthesia before delivery and whose placentas had subsequently been found to be positive for chorioamnionitis.
Of the 146 blood culture results that were reported, 13 were positive. Of these 13 blood cultures, 5 had been drawn within 6 hours after placement of the epidural block, and four of the five bacteremic patients did not receive antibiotics until after the regional anesthetic was administered. One quarter (11/45) of the patients who were febrile and three quarters (174/229) of those who had leukocytosis before their block received no antibiotics before the block was placed. After the epidural block was performed, the catheter was left in place for over 24 hours in 18% (46/260) of the women who spiked a fever and in 14% (18/130) of those who exhibited leukocytosis during that period. There was no report of an epidural or spinal abscess or of meningitis in any of the women in the study.
Conduction anesthesia may be safe in parturients with chorioamnionitis without prior antibiotic therapy.
- SourceAvailable from: ape.med.miami.edu[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Infection is the commonest cause of serious neurologic sequelae of neuraxial anesthesia. The incidence depends on operator skill and patient population. Meningitis, a complication of dural puncture, is usually caused by viridans streptococci. The risk factors are dural puncture during labor, no mask and poor aseptic technique, vaginal infection and bacteremia. Epidural abscess is a complication of epidural catheterization, route of entry the catheter track and the organism usually the staphylococcus. Principal risk factors are prolonged catheterization, poor aseptic technique and traumatic insertion. Prevention includes wearing a mask, using a full sterile technique, avoiding prolonged catheterization and prescribing antibiotics in a high-risk situation.Anesthesiology Clinics 04/2008; 26(1):23-52, v.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Regional anesthesia is the most effective procedure for acute pain therapy. Whether neuraxial and peripheral blocks in patients with pre-existing infectious conditions, immune deficits or other risk factors increase the risk of additional infections is unclear. Analyzing the available literature currently seems to indicate that the incidence of severe infectious complications is generally low. Diabetes, steroid therapy or malignant diseases are apparently present in many cases in which infections associated with regional anesthesia and analgesia have been described. A strict contraindication in patients with pre-existing systemic or local infections seems unjustifiable. A clear and documented risk-benefit ratio in these patients is mandatory.Der Anaesthesist 03/2013; 62(3):175-82. · 0.85 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The rapid onset of analgesia and improved mobility with combined spinal-epidural (CSE) techniques has been associated with a higher degree of maternal satisfaction compared with conventional epidural analgesia. However, controversy exists in that initiation of labor analgesia with a CSE may be associated with an increased risk for nonreassuring fetal status (ie, fetal bradycardia) and a subsequent need for emergent cesarean delivery. Overall, both epidural and CSE techniques possess unique risk/benefit profiles, and the decision to use one technique rather than the other should be determined based on individual patient and clinical circumstances.Clinics in perinatology 09/2013; 40(3):373-84. · 1.54 Impact Factor