Treatment of severe flexion deformity of the knee in children and adolescents using the Ilizarov technique.

Hopital d'Enfants Armand Trousseau, Paris, France.
The Bone & Joint Journal (Impact Factor: 2.8). 02/1996; 78(1):140-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have used the Ilizarov technique for severe flexion deformity of the knee in 11 patients (13 knees) between 1986 and 1994 and have followed them up for an average of 4.1 years. The age of the patients at operation ranged from 1.7 to 18.8 years. The femoral and tibial components were connected by two anterior hinges, medial and lateral, and two posterior distraction rods. The deformity was corrected to a femorotibial lateral shaft angle of less than 20 degrees. A permanent orthosis was applied after removal of the fixator. Fractures occurred in four patients and paralysis of the common peroneal nerve in another. There was a recurrence of the deformity in four patients. At the last review all patients were able to walk on their operated leg with or without an orthosis. We have found the Ilizarov method to be helpful in correcting severe fixed flexion deformity of the knee, with relatively few complications, but the basic principles of the method must be carefully followed.

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