First data on background levels of non-ortho and mono-ortho PCBs in blood of residents from southern Germany.
ABSTRACT Blood-fat concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) congeners: no. 105, 118, 156 (mono-ortho-substituted) and no. 77, 126, 169 (non-ortho-substituted) and PCB congeners no. 28, 52, 101, 138, 153 and 180 were measured. The investigations were carried out in pooled samples from children and in individual samples from adults. Additionally polychloro-p-dibenzodioxins and -furans (PCDD/PCDF) were investigated.
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ABSTRACT: A comprehensive worldwide literature review of blood levels of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in non-exposed adult general populations was performed. The studies published in 1989-2010 reporting information on polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), non-ortho-PCBs (nPCBs), mono-ortho-PCBs (mPCBs) levels and Toxic Equivalencies (TEQs, a summary weighted measure of their combined toxicity) were reviewed. TEQs were calculated using as standard the most recent WHO 2005 reevaluation of Toxic Equivalency Factors (TEFs). Weighted multiple regression analyses adjusted for year, subject's age, type of sample analyzed, method used for values below detection limit, and central tendency measure used were performed for each congener and standardized TEQs (log-transformed). We identified 187 studies regarding 29,687 subjects of 26 countries. Year of blood collection ranged from 1985 to 2008. The studies reporting congener levels 161. In adjusted analyses, European countries showed higher levels of most dioxin-like congeners and TEQs. A strong positive association of subjects' age with most congeners and with TEQ values was found, confirming previous findings. Significant decreases over time (1985-2008) were documented for PCCDs, PCDFs, and TEQs including their contributions. No significant decrease was found for non-ortho-PCBs, notably PCB 126. Only some mono-ortho-PCBs showed clear significant declines. Accordingly, TEQs including only PCB contribution did not decrease over time. In interpreting these findings, it should be considered that for dioxin-like PCBs the analysis period was shorter (17 years), since these compounds were first measured in 1992.Environment international 02/2012; 44:151-62. · 6.25 Impact Factor
Article: Effect of PCBs on spermatogenesis.The Lancet 11/1995; 346(8981):1040-1. · 39.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dioxin-like PCBs represent an important component of the Sigma-TEQ in many environmental media. Specifically, in animal produce and in fish PCBs dominate the Sigma-TEQ ingested by humans. This in turn leads to high background body burdens in humans with PCB-TEQ greater than that associated with PCDD/Fs. High fish consumers are apparently subject to elevated TEQ exposure from dioxin-like PCBs. This has important implications for exposure assessment studies which have previously only been concerned with PCDDs and PCDFs. Unlike PCDD/Fs, dioxin-like PCBs are not controlled within the food chain. Sources and pathways of exposure are poorly defined. Aroclor formulations and their subsequent usage are considered to be the most important sources in terms of human exposure to some TEF-rated congeners, notably PCB-118, PCB-156 and part of PCB-126. Emissions from combustion sources contribute additional PCB-126. More research is needed to place these compounds in an integrated risk evaluation framework.Chemosphere 11/1998; 37(8):1457-72. · 3.14 Impact Factor