Isolated first naviculocuneiform joint coalition.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nara Medical University, Japan.
Foot & Ankle International (Impact Factor: 1.47). 11/1996; 17(10):635-40.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Clinical analysis was performed on 60 feet in 40 patients with isolated first naviculocuneiform coalitions. The most common symptom was a mild pain at the medioplantar site of the first naviculocuneiform joint. Fifteen feet (25%) were asymptomatic. Some cases had been treated erroneously as osteoarthritis or bony cyst before diagnosis. We divided coalitions morphologically into three patterns based on computed tomography findings: irregular, cystic, and combined pattern. Based on the mean age of each pattern, we hypothesized that initial irregular coalitions gradually develop into cystic and, finally, combined patterns. Considering the modest number of reported cases, this condition might easily be overlooked in many patients or may be related to ethnic characteristics. We suggest that the actual incidence of first naviculocunei-form coalitions should be investigated again.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tarsal coalitions between the navicular and the cuneiforms occur infrequently when compared with the more common talocalcaneal and calcaneonavicular coalitions. Isolated cases of navicular-medial cuneiform coalitions have only rarely been reported; however, the diagnosis is likely underrecognized. Conservative management should be pursued initially for symptomatic patients, followed by surgical options for unresponsive cases. The few reports available recommend treatment with navicular-medial cuneiform fusions, but long-term follow-up is not available to assess outcome and it remains unclear whether an isolated arthrodesis of the navicular-medial cuneiform joint will in turn lead to differing biomechanics of adjacent joints. We report a case of a patient with an isolated navicular-medial cuneiform coalition, treated with resection and free-fat interposition rather than arthrodesis. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a navicular-medial cuneiform coalition reported in a patient of North American ancestry. At 2 years postoperatively, she is pain-free with all activities and has full range of motion of her ankle and subtalar joints, and full mobility at the navicular-medial cuneiform joint. This unique method provided a successful solution to this difficult situation.
    Journal of pediatric orthopedics 12/2011; 31(8):e85-8. · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gorillas are more closely related to each other than to any other extant primate and are all terrestrial knuckle-walkers, but taxa differ along a gradient of dietary strategies and the frequency of arboreality in their behavioral repertoire. In this study, we test the hypothesis that medial cuneiform morphology falls on a morphocline in gorillas that tracks function related to hallucial abduction ability and relative frequency of arboreality. This morphocline predicts that western gorillas, being the most arboreal, should display a medial cuneiform anatomy that reflects the greatest hallucial abduction ability, followed by grauer gorillas, and then by mountain gorillas. Using a three-dimensional methodology to measure angles between articular surfaces, relative articular and nonarticular areas, and the curvatures of the hallucial articular surface, the functional predictions are partially confirmed in separating western gorillas from both eastern gorillas. Western gorillas are characterized by a more medially oriented, proportionately larger, and more mediolaterally curved hallucial facet than are eastern gorillas. These characteristics follow the predictions for a more prehensile hallux in western gorillas relative to a more stable, plantigrade hallux in eastern gorillas. The characteristics that distinguish eastern gorilla taxa from one another appear unrelated to hallucial abduction ability or frequency of arboreality. In total, this reexamination of medial cuneiform morphology suggests differentiation between eastern and western gorillas due to a longstanding ecological divergence and more recent and possibly non-adaptive differences between eastern taxa.
    Journal of Human Evolution 02/2011; 60(2):171-84. · 4.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hamate-pisiform coalition is characterized by the abnormal union of the pisiform bone and hamulus of the hamate. Because most reported cases are isolated, and literature on the subject is sparse, relatively little is known about this condition and its clinical significance. The purpose of this report is to discuss the occurrence, morphology, and frequency of hamate-pisiform coalition identified in a skeletal sample of native South Africans, and to conduct a metaanalysis of all known cases in order to clarify the sex distribution, laterality, form, and clinical significance of this condition. Five new cases (three male, two female) of hamate-pisiform coalition were identified in 527 native South Africans. Results indicate that hamate-pisiform coalition is infrequent (0.76%) but may be more likely encountered in individuals of African ancestry. Morphologically, non-osseous examples ranged in appearance from minor expressions involving pitting of an expanded hamulus base, to a variably pitted articulation between an elongated pisiform and hamulus. Osseous union between the two bones tends to extend beyond the hamulus base to adjacent areas of the hamate. Cases involving osseous union appear predisposed to fracture while ulnar neuropathy is significantly more frequent in individuals exhibiting non-osseous coalition. As both non-osseous and osseous cases can have clinical significance, awareness of the variable manifestations of this condition is necessary for hand specialists. A simplified classification system is suggested to more consistently characterize carpal coalitions.
    Clinical Anatomy 03/2011; 24(2):188-96. · 1.16 Impact Factor