Article

Disulphide structure of a sunflower seed albumin: conserved and variant disulphide bonds in the cereal prolamin superfamily.

Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation.
FEBS Letters (Impact Factor: 3.58). 12/1996; 396(2-3):285-8. DOI:10.1016/0014-5793(96)01117-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Disulphide mapping of a methionine-rich 2S albumin from sunflower seeds showed four intra-chain disulphide bonds which are homologous with those in a related heterodimeric albumin from lupin seeds (conglutin delta). Similar conserved disulphide bonds are also present in alpha-gliadin and gamma-gliadin storage proteins of wheat, but a lower level of conservation is present in a further related group of proteins, the cereal inhibitors of alpha-amylase and trypsin. These differences may relate to the different functions of the proteins.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
45 Views
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is increasing worldwide demand for proteins of both animal and plant origin. However, animal proteins are expensive in terms of both market price and environmental impact. Among alternative plant proteins, sunflower seeds are particularly interesting in view of their widespread availability in areas where soy is not or only sparsely produced. Compared with other sources of vegetable proteins, sunflower seeds have been reported to have a low content of antinutritional factors. Although the absence of these factors is important, the functionality of the protein preparations will mainly determine their applicability. This review provides detailed information about sunflower seed composition and processing, including processes to remove phenolic compounds from meals. The main part of the review concerns the structure and functionality of the two major protein fractions, helianthinin and 2S albumins. Regarding functionality, emphasis is on solubility, thermal behaviour and surface activity. Protein structure and functionality are discussed as a function of extrinsic factors such as pH, ionic strength, temperature and the presence of other seed components, particularly chlorogenic acid. In addition, sunflower proteins are compared from a structural and functional point of view with other plant proteins, particularly soy proteins.
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 87 (2007) 12. 01/2007;
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 2S albumin storage proteins are becoming of increasing interest in nutritional and clinical studies as they have been reported as major food allergens in seeds of many mono- and di-cotyledonous plants. This review describes the main biochemical, structural and functional properties of these proteins thought to play a role in determining their potential allergenicity. 2S albumins are considered to sensitize directly via the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The high stability of their intrinsic protein structure, dominated by a well-conserved skeleton of cysteine residues, to the harsh conditions present in the GIT suggests that these proteins are able to cross the gut mucosal barrier to sensitize the mucosal immune system and/or elicit an allergic response. The flexible and solvent-exposed hypervariable region of these proteins is immunodominant and has the ability to bind IgE from allergic patients sera. Several linear IgE-binding epitopes of 2S albumins spanning this region have been described to play a major role in allergenicity; the role of conformational epitopes of these proteins in food allergy is far from being understood and need to be investigated. Finally, the interaction of these proteins with other components of the food matrix might influence the absorption rates of immunologically reactive 2S albumins but also in their immune response.
    The Open Biochemistry Journal 02/2008; 2:16-28.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Due mainly to its extremely high content of sulphur amino acids, Ber e 1 protein, the major allergen from Brazil nut, has attracted much scientific and press attention. Ber e 1 was the main target protein in early biotechnology transgenic work, in early processing studies of plant storage proteins, in plant vacuolar targeting studies and as the main protein in early nutritional supplementation experiments. Ber e 1 was also one of the first food allergens to be unintentionally transferred from one plant to another and was involved in the first reported case of systemic allergic reaction caused by a food allergen transferred in semen. In this review, many of the Ber e 1 unique biotechnological and structural functions are discussed with a particular emphasis on its use as model protein for studies of intrinsic allergenicity of food proteins.
    Biotechnology Letters 12/2011; 34(4):597-610. · 1.85 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
13 Downloads
Available from
Oct 22, 2013