Using nursing theory to introduce change in practice
This article outlines the theoretical basis of nursing using Carper's (1978) fundamental patterns of knowing and explains how this theory can be integrated with practice. The authors also describe how Carper's theory was used to introduce change related to the reduction in junior doctors' hours through the development, implementation and evaluation of nurse practitioners. Using a SWOT analysis exercise and various workshops, practitioners have been able to develop professionally and integrate the art and science of nursing.
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